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The invariant properties of human cortical neurons cannot be studied directly by fMRI due to its limited spatial resolution. Here, we circumvented this limitation by using fMR adaptation, namely, reduction of the fMR signal due to repeated presentation of identical images. Object-selective regions (lateral occipital complex [LOC]) showed a monotonic signal(More)
To investigate the relationship between perceptual awareness and brain activity, we measured both recognition performance and fMRI signal from object-related areas in human cortex while images were presented briefly using a masking protocol. Our results suggest that recognition performance is correlated with selective activation in object areas. Selective(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used in combined functional selectivity and retinotopic mapping tests to reveal object-related visual areas in the human occipital lobe. Subjects were tested with right, left, up, or down hemivisual field stimuli which were composed of images of natural objects (faces, animals, man-made objects) or highly scrambled(More)
Object related areas in the human ventral stream were previously shown to be activated, in a shape-selective manner, by luminance, motion, and texture cues. We report on the preferential activation of these areas by stereo cues defining shape. To assess the relationship of this activation to object recognition, we employed a perceptual stereo effect, which(More)
Isolated sulfite oxidase deficiency is a rare genetic neurometabolic disease. The first symptoms of this disorder (similar to symptoms of ischemic events) may lead to misdiagnosis and to subsequent birth of affected children in these families. This study characterizes the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and (for the first time, to our knowledge) the MR(More)
Myotonic dystrophy is an inherited multi-system disease. Its pathophysiology leading to muscle malfunction and damage is not well understood. 23Na NMR spectroscopy was applied here for an in vivo comparative study of the calf muscles of 7 myotonic dystrophy patients at various stages of the disease and 11 healthy volunteers. Both the total sodium content,(More)
The present study describes a protocol for the determination of in vivo absolute molar concentrations of Li+ in the human brain using a double tuned 1H/7Li surface coil. The protocol follows the method of Thulborn and Ackerman [J. Mag. Reson. 55, 357-371 (1983)] where the ratio of the signal intensities of 7Li and 1H in the brain is compared to the same(More)
The bioenergetics of paralyzed muscles of spastic paraplegic patients under functional electrical stimulation (FES) was studied in vivo using 31P NMR. The protocol included rest, 3 min of induced tetanic isometric contraction through surface electrodes and 40 min of recovery. The continuous stimulation, the force recording and the 31P NMR measurements were(More)
Branched chain amino acids (BCAA) have been found to have a protective effect on the ischemic myocardium. Isolated rat hearts were perfused with phosphate-free Krebs-Henseleit (KH) solution with or without BCAA. A Latex balloon-tipped catheter was inserted into the left ventricle to measure intracavitary pressures. Hearts were subjected to 18 minutes of 'no(More)
Mice with experimental neuropsychiatric lupus (NPSLE), induced by anti-ribosomal-P antibodies, developed depression-like behavior and a diminished sense of smell. Manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) allows in vivo mapping of functional neuronal connections in the brain, including the olfactory tract. The aim of this study was to analyze and describe, via the(More)