Tamir Taylor

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Autofluorescent protein tags represent one of the major and, perhaps, most powerful tools in modern cell biology for visualization of various cellular processes in vivo. In addition, advances in confocal microscopy and the development of autofluorescent proteins with different excitation and emission spectra allowed their simultaneous use for detection of(More)
Although neuropeptide Y (NPY) is established as a transmitter in many regions of the nervous system, the role of other peptides of the pancreatic polypeptide (PP) family in the CNS is obscure. This study provides evidence that PP-like peptides in the "primitive" CNS of a cyclostome are composed of different molecular forms, which are stored in separate(More)
We have used an intra-Golgi transport assay to identify GTP-binding proteins involved in regulation of protein traffic. Two soluble proteins of 20 kd were purified by their ability to mediate GTP gamma S-dependent inhibition of transport. These GTP-dependent Golgi binding factors, or GGBFs, exhibit a 3-fold difference in activity and are differentiated by(More)
Two distinct steps in nuclear envelope assembly can be assayed in vitro: the protein-mediated binding of nuclear-specific vesicles to chromatin, and the subsequent fusion of these vesicles to enclose the chromatin within a double nuclear membrane. Nuclear vesicle fusion, like fusion in the secretory pathway, requires ATP and cytosol and is inhibited by(More)
We investigated the role of ADP-ribosylation factors (ARFs) in Golgi function using biochemical and morphological cell-free assays. An ARF-free cytosol produced from soluble Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) extracts supports intra-Golgi transport by a mechanism that is biochemically indistinguishable from control transport reactions: ARF-free transport reactions(More)
Structural features contributing to the antigenic recognition of the small globular hormone avian pancreatic polypeptide (APP) by a polyclonal antiserum have been defined using a solution phase radioimmunoassay technique. Cross-reactivity studies with PP homologues suggest that the surface residues within the alpha-helix of the peptide may be antigenic,(More)
The two proteins from bovine brain previously shown to be required for the guanosine 5'-[gamma-thio]triphosphate-dependent inhibition of a well-characterized intra-Golgi transport assay, termed GGBF and GGBF, have been definitively identified as members of the ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) family by electrospray MS analysis of the intact proteins, and of(More)
A specific role for ADP-ribosylation factors (ARFs) in in vitro endosome-endosome fusion has been proposed (Lenhard, J. M., Kahn, R. A., and Stahl, P. D. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 13047-13052). However, in vivo studies have failed to support a function for ARFs in the endocytic pathway, since an antagonist of ARF activities, brefeldin A, does not interfere(More)
The GTP analog GTP gamma S potently inhibits nuclear envelope assembly in cell-free Xenopus egg extracts. GTP gamma S does not affect vesicle binding to chromatin but blocks vesicle fusion. Fusion inhibition by GTP gamma S is mediated by a soluble factor, initially named GSF (GTP gamma S-dependent soluble factor). We previously showed that vesicles(More)