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Insect predators can be guided to their prey by a kairomonal response to the prey pheromone. We found this phenomenon to be highly specific in the bark beetle predatorThanasimus dubius. Olfactory responses and behavioral tests revealed that the predator is guided to its major preyDendroctonusfrontalis by the primary enantiomer of the pheromone of the prey,(More)
In laboratory and field bioassays, the response ofDendroctonus frontalis was significantly greater to the mixture of (1S, 5R)-(-)-frontalin andalpha-pinene than to (1R,5S)-(+)-frontalin andalpfa-pinene. Electro-physiological studies revealed that antennal olfactory receptor cells were significantly more responsive to (1S, 5R)-(-)-frontalin than to (1R,(More)
Defining the components of an HIV immunogen that could induce effective CD8+ T cell responses is critical to vaccine development. We addressed this question by investigating the viral targets of CD8+ T cells that potently inhibit HIV replication in vitro, as this is highly predictive of virus control in vivo. We observed broad and potent ex vivo CD8+ T(More)
Electrophysiological recordings from antennal olfactory receptor cells were obtained fromIps grandicollis. Recordings were made from olfactory receptor cells from nine regions of the antennae in response to stimulation with the semiochemicalsα-pinene, frontalin,endo-brevicomin, verbenone,trans-verbenol,cis-verbenol, ipsdienol, and ipsenol. In many cases, up(More)
In two studies using the electroantennogram (EAG) technique, bark beetle- and tree-produced semiochemicals were presented toDinotiscus dendroctoni (Ashmead), a larval parasitoid ofDendroctonus frontalis Zimm. In the first study, 20 test compounds and a standard mixture of oxygenated monoterpenes were presented individually at one concentration to the(More)
Electroantennograms (EAGs) were recorded from male and female black turpentine beetles,Dendroctonus terebrans (Olivier), exposed to bark beetle pheromones and host terpenes. The dose-response curves indicated similarities in the receptor mechanisms for both sexes for each compound. Antennal sensitivity was greatest toendo-brevicomin, which correlates with(More)
Olfactory perception of pheromones and host odors byDendroctonus pseudotsugae males and females was investigated through single cell recordings. Responses of 71 cells (35 cells in males; 36 cells in females) were recorded to 1 μg of 10 pheromones and three host terpenes. The olfactory cells were classified into four types based on sensitivity and(More)
Electroantennograms (EAGs) from male and femaleIps avulsus, I. calligraphus, andI. grandicollis to their pheromones and selected host odorants or kairomones verified the presence of antennal olfactory receptors in both sexes of each species capable of detecting ipsdienol, ipsenol,cis- andtrans-verbenol,endo-brevicomin α-pinene, frontalin, and verbenone.(More)
of the trail following responses of four species of leap cutting ants with notes on the specificity of a trail pheromone of Atta tewna (Buckley). Insectes Sociaux 21: 87-94. capabilities of the "gustatory" chemo-receptors of the tobacco hornworm larvae. ABSTRACT Electsoantennograms (EAGs) were recorded from major workers, queens, and males of the Texas leaf(More)
Antennal olfactory (electroantennogram) and laboratory and field behavioral tests were carried out on the response ofDendroctonus frontalis to its aggregation pheromone frontalin and analogs. The analogs were compounds modified by altering the position and methyl groups and/or by their deletion. Any modification to the frontalin structure significantly(More)
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