Tamie Sugawara

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OBJECTIVE Immunization for varicella is not currently included in routine immunizations in Japan. This study was conducted to assess test its cost-effectiveness when it becomes a routine. METHODS We surveyed and collected information for the year beginning 15th June 2004 in one area. Almost all 11 pediatric clinics or hospitals in the area cooperated in(More)
OBJECTIVE Mumps immunization is not included in routine immunization in Japan. We measured the cost-effectiveness of routine immunization. METHODS We surveyed outpatients prospectively from June 15, 2004, for 19 months in an area with a population of 100,000. Almost all of the 11 pediatric clinics and hospitals in this area cooperated. In 2006, we(More)
Surveillance is critical for both early detection and a timely public health response to infectious diseases. Electronic information systems have been widely adopted by pharmacies in Japan. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of using prescription data for influenza surveillance in Japan to facilitate the development of a daily reporting(More)
Using the adverse events monitoring system of Japan, we observed diarrhea cases in approximately 10% of patients who received oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV). This study was conducted to investigate whether diarrhea among children aged 0 to 1 is caused by OPV or by other factors such contact at the doctor's office and/or with others outside the home. We(More)
Currently, an individual-based model is a basic tool for creating a plan to prepare for the outbreak of pandemic influenza. However, even if we can construct the model as finely as possible, it cannot mimic the real world precisely. Therefore, we should use real data for transportation modes and locations, and simulate the diffusion of an infectious disease(More)
Officially, the national official sentinel surveillance of infectious diseases (NOSSID) has been used to estimate the number of influenza patients nationwide; NOSSID is based on the Law Concerning the Prevention of Infectious Diseases and Medical Care for Patients of Infections (the Infectious Diseases Control Law). Prescription Surveillance (PS) has also(More)
BACKGROUND Real-time surveillance is fundamental for effective control of disease outbreaks, but the official sentinel surveillance in Japan collects information related to disease activity only weekly and updates it with a 1-week time lag. OBJECTIVE To report on a prescription surveillance system using electronic records related to prescription drugs(More)
OBJECT Detecting of disease spread is an important task of public health and medical staff, especially in pandemics such as A/H1N1 flu (2009). This requires daily observation and estimation of the infected population. The fully automated real-time pharmacy survey we developed collects information electronically at pharmaceutical prescription. We used the(More)
Objectives In Japan, a rubella outbreak occurred from early 2012 to late 2013, primarily among adult males aged 20-49 years. We conducted this study to predict the number of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) cases in Japan in 2014. Methods The probability of CRS when a pregnant woman is infected with rubella depends on the gestational age of the fetus. The(More)
A few mortalities and cases of severe abnormal behavior have been reported after oseltamivir administration for influenza, thus increasing medical and public concerns regarding the drug's safety. We investigated the association between oseltamivir and abnormal behavior for seven years. All outpatient clinics and hospitals all over the country were requested(More)