Tamia K. Lapointe

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Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin-8 (TRPM8), a recently identified member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) family of ion channels, is activated by mild cooling and by chemical compounds such as the supercooling agent, icilin. Since cooling, possibly involving TRPM8 stimulation, diminishes injury-induced peripheral inflammation, we(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a risk factor for the development of gastritis, gastroduodenal ulcers, and gastric adenocarcinoma. H. pylori-induced disruption of epithelial adherens junctions (AJs) is thought to promote the development of severe disease; however, the mechanisms whereby H. pylori alters AJ structure remain incompletely understood. The present study(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a spiral, gram-negative bacterium that specifically and persistently infects the human stomach. In some individuals, H. pylori-induced chronic gastritis may progress to gastroduodenal ulcers and gastric cancer. Currently, the host-microbe interactions that determine the clinical outcome of infection are not well defined. H. pylori(More)
The homeostatic balance of the gastrointestinal tract relies on a single layer of epithelial cells, which assumes both digestive and protective functions. Enteric pathogens, including enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), have evolved numerous mechanisms to disrupt basic intestinal epithelial functions, promoting the development of gastrointestinal(More)
Patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are at increased risk of developing intestinal cancers via mechanisms that remain incompletely understood. However, chronic inflammation and repeated events of inflammatory relapse in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) expose these patients to a number of signals known to have tumorigenic effects including(More)
Compromised epithelial barrier function and tight junction alterations are hallmarks of a number of gastrointestinal disorders, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Increased levels of IL-18 have been observed in mucosal samples from Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis patients. Remarkably, several reports have demonstrated that immunological or(More)
Helicobacter pylori infects more than half of the human population worldwide. In the absence of treatment, this persistent infection leads to asymptomatic gastritis, which in some cases can progress into gastric ulcers and adenocarcinomas. The host-microbial interactions that govern the clinical outcome of infection remain incompletely understood. H. pylori(More)
Despite significant progress in our understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying sensory transduction and nociception, clinical pain management remains a considerable challenge in health care and basic research. The identification of the superfamily of transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channels, particularly TRPV1 and TRPA1, has(More)
Quiescent phases of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are often accompanied by chronic abdominal pain. Although the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) ion channel has been postulated as an important mediator of visceral hypersensitivity, its functional role in postinflammatory pain remains elusive. This study aimed at establishing the role of(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most frequent functional gastrointestinal disorder. It is characterized by abdominal hypersensitivity, leading to discomfort and pain, as well as altered bowel habits. While it is common for IBS to develop following the resolution of infectious gastroenteritis [then termed postinfectious IBS (PI-IBS)], the mechanisms(More)