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The time intervals measured from the administration of either atracurium or vecuronium to maximum or 95% neuromuscular blockade (Tmax) were compared in 70 patients using the evoked compound action potential of the adductor pollicis muscle. Equipotent doses, calculated from the relationship between dose and response for both drugs obtained in an earlier(More)
In a study which involved 120 adult patients, the ED95 of suxamethonium was shown to be 0.51 mg/kg, using an electromyographic technique. Marked individual variation in response was noted, for example a dose of 0.3 mg/kg produced a range of blockade from 4%-90%. Body surface area was shown to be more significantly related to blockade than lean body mass or(More)
Questionnaires were distributed to all 213 consultant anaesthetists in the North-West region of the UK with a response rate of 68%. These questionnaires were designed to assess the hygienic precautions taken to reduce the potential for transmission of infectious agents to and from the patients under their care. Face masks and gloves were always used by(More)
Thirty-two inbred Wistar rats (study group) were exposed to trichloroethylene 100 p.p.m. in air for 4 h daily from day 8 to day 21 of pregnancy. A control group (31 rats) was exposed to the same experimental conditions but without the addition of trichloroethylene. All the rats were sacrificed on the 21st day of pregnancy and the ovaries, uterus, liver,(More)
The demyelinating diseases are classified and the current concepts of the aetiology and pathophysiology of the most common of these diseases, multiple sclerosis, are described. The effects of the impaired function, local responses and known complications of the disease on the choice of anaesthetic, drugs and techniques are discussed.
A sinusoidal flow generator was connected to adult endotracheal tubes of sizes 5-10 and was used to simulate human ventilation. Measurement of the changes in pressure and flow allowed calculation of the work imposed on breathing by endotracheal tubes. The work of breathing increased with increasing ventilatory rate, tidal volume, and decreasing tube(More)
The three anesthetic drugs introduced most recently to the market are sevoflurane, desflurane, and ropivacaine. Sevoflurane and desflurane are both inhalational anesthetic agents and ropivacaine is a local anesthetic agent. Sevoflurane provides a rapid onset and offset of action; it is well tolerated with little airway irritation. It is hemodynamically(More)
Using a completely closed anaesthetic circuit, nitrous oxide uptake and nitrogen excretion were measured simultaneously in patients undergoing nitrous oxide in oxygen anaesthesia for abdominal surgery. The results have been compared with standard models of uptake and excretion. Mean nitrous oxide uptake was measured and did not exceed 400 ml min-1(More)
A prolonged electrocardiographic QT interval may be harmful during general anaesthesia. It may be prudent, therefore, to select anaesthetic agents which have the least effect on the QT interval. In a controlled study, propofol has been shown to have less effect on the QT interval than thiopentone (P less than 0.05). Our data suggest also that any effects(More)
Both coumarin (1,2-benzopyrone) and warfarin (4-hydroxycoumarin) have been shown to prevent the recurrence of malignant melanoma. Their action is macrophage-dependent and the dosage is critical. In 1984 a multicentre, prospective, randomised, double-blind trial of coumarin, given as a daily 50-mg dose for 2 years after surgery in patients with high-risk(More)