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Naive embryonic stem cells hold great promise for research and therapeutics as they have broad and robust developmental potential. While such cells are readily derived from mouse blastocysts it has not been possible to isolate human equivalents easily, although human naive-like cells have been artificially generated (rather than extracted) by coercion of(More)
A growing number of solved protein structures display an elongated structural domain, denoted here as alpha-rod, composed of stacked pairs of anti-parallel alpha-helices. Alpha-rods are flexible and expose a large surface, which makes them suitable for protein interaction. Although most likely originating by tandem duplication of a two-helix unit, their(More)
A key feature in Huntington disease (HD) is the accumulation of mutant Huntingtin (HTT) protein, which may be regulated by posttranslational modifications. Here, we define the primary sites of SUMO modification in the amino-terminal domain of HTT, show modification downstream of this domain, and demonstrate that HTT is modified by the stress-inducible(More)
To characterize important steps of DNA methylation by M.SssI, a prokaryotic DNA-(cytosine C5)-methyltransferase (C5-MTase) sharing the specificity of eukaryotic C5-MTases (5'-CG-3'), ten amino acids, selected on the basis of sequence alignments and a computational model, were subjected to mutational analysis. Wild-type and mutant M.SssI variants were(More)
The SinI and EcoRII DNA methyltransferases recognize sequences (GG(A)/(T)CC and CC(A)/(T)GG, respectively), which are characterized by an (A)/(T) ambiguity. Recognition of the A.T and T.A base pair was studied by in vitro methyltransferase assays using oligonucleotide substrates containing a hypoxanthine.C base pair in the central position of the(More)
The epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is expressed at high levels on the surface of most carcinoma cells. SiRNA silencing of EpCAM expression leads to reduced metastatic potential of tumor cells demonstrating its importance in oncogenesis and tumor progression. However, siRNA therapy requires either sequential delivery or integration into the host(More)
Cationic liposomal compounds are widely used to introduce DNA and siRNA into viable cells, but none of these compounds are also capable of introducing proteins. Here we describe the use of a cationic amphiphilic lipid SAINT-2:DOPE for the efficient delivery of proteins into cells (profection). Labeling studies demonstrated equal delivery efficiency for(More)
DNA bending induced by six DNA (cytosine-5) methyltransferases was studied using circular permutation gel mobility shift assay. The following bend angles were obtained: M.BSP:RI (GG(m5)CC), 46-50 degrees; M.HAE:III (GG(m5)CC), 40-43 degrees; M.SIN:I (GGW(m5)CC), 34-37 degrees; M.SAU:96I (GGN(m5)CC), 52-57 degrees; M.HPA:II (C(m5)CGG), 30 degrees; and(More)
Caging of proteins by conjugation with a photocleavable group is a powerful approach for reversibly blocking enzymatic activity. Here we describe the covalent modification of the bacterial SssI DNA methyltransferase (M.SssI) with the cysteine-specific reagent 4,5-dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzylbromide (DMNBB). M.SssI contains two cysteine residues; replacement of(More)
The PvuII restriction endonuclease has been converted from its natural homodimeric form into a single polypeptide chain by tandemly linking the two subunits through a short peptide linker. The arrangement of the single-chain PvuII (sc PvuII) is (2-157)-GlySerGlyGly-(2-157), where (2-157) represents the amino acid residues of the enzyme subunit and(More)