Tamara Ya Morozova

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Functionalized magnetic beads have been suggested recently as active labels for extremely rapid and highly sensitive immunoassay. Here we addressed the problem of specificity and cross-reactivity in such detection, which (unlike conventional immunoassay methods) cannot rely on a difference in the equilibrium binding constants to distinguish between closely(More)
Protein microarrays are becoming a powerful tool in proteome, biochemical, and clinical studies. In addition to the quality of arrayed immobilized probe molecules, sensitivity of the microarray-based assay is highly dependent on the detection technique. Here we suggest four simple techniques for rapid detection of analytes bound to protein microarrays. The(More)
Analysis of interactive networks between proteins and other molecular constituents is of paramount importance to delineate complex cellular processes. In order to facilitate this process, new technologies that allow rapid, high-throughput parallel screening, as well as identification of constituents, are necessary. A particularly powerful combination in(More)
It was demonstrated that electrospraying (ES) of solvents from a glass capillary proceeds without emission of light provided that the current is kept below a certain critical level (<100 nA at positive potential and <25 nA at negative potential for 96% ethanol; < 40 nA at positive potential for water). Though the onset of corona, as detected by the(More)
A simple, rapid, and highly effective technique for concentrating charged macromolecules is described which employs electrophoresis in a conic cell made of a dialysis membrane. The cell is partly submerged in electrolyte solution, and the level of solution slowly moves down during the process. The electric field within the cell is at its maximum in the area(More)
New methods have been developed for rapid immobilization of biological macromolecules and other microscopic objects from aqueous solution at gel/gel, gel/solid and gel/solution interfaces using thin polyacrylamide gels covalently bound to glass surfaces. When quickly spread over a dry gel, an aqueous sample loses most of its water and low-molecular-weight(More)
The efficiency of hybridization analysis with oligonucleotide microarrays depends heavily on the method of detection. Conventional methods based on labeling nucleic acids with fluorescent, chemiluminescent, enzyme, or radioactive reporters suffer from a number of serious drawbacks which demand development of new detection techniques. Here, we report two new(More)
An active assay can be defined as that in which diffusion-controlled reactions are replaced by active delivery of analytes to probe molecules. The present paper describes an electrophoresis-assisted version of an active ELISA performed in tubes or wells with a dialysis membrane attached to their bottoms. The permeability of such a membrane to small ions(More)
This communication describes a simple and rapid technique for electrophoretically assisted capture of phages, viruses, and other pathogens on the surface of an ultrafiltration membrane that can be considered smooth at the nanoscale. The surface was prepared by coating commercial dialysis membrane with a micrometer-thick layer of cross-linked dextran or(More)