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BACKGROUND Brugada syndrome, characterized by ST-segment elevation in the right precordial ECG leads and the development of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias, has been associated with mutations in 6 different genes. We identify and characterize a mutation in a new gene. METHODS AND RESULTS A 64-year-old white male displayed a type 1 ST-segment(More)
BACKGROUND Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a common heritable channelopathy. Mutations in the SCN5A-encoded sodium channel (BrS1) culminate in the most common genotype. OBJECTIVE This study sought to perform a retrospective analysis of BrS databases from 9 centers that have each genotyped >100 unrelated cases of suspected BrS. METHODS Mutational analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the gene encoding the human cardiac sodium channel (SCN5A) have been associated with three distinct cardiac arrhythmia disorders: the long QT syndrome, the Brugada syndrome and cardiac conduction disease. Here we report the biophysical features of a novel sodium channel mutation, E161K, which we identified in individuals of two(More)
OBJECTIVE Genetic variants of cardiac ion channels may influence cardiac repolarization. Thereby such variants may modulate the penetrance of primary electrical disorders, contribute to differences in susceptibility to drug-induced QT-prolongation between individuals, or contribute to rhythm disturbances in the context of structural heart disease. Since the(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism of ECG changes and arrhythmogenesis in Brugada syndrome (BS) patients is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS A BS patient without clinically detected cardiac structural abnormalities underwent cardiac transplantation for intolerable numbers of implantable cardioverter/defibrillator discharges. The patient's explanted heart was studied(More)
Variants in SCN10A, which encodes a voltage-gated sodium channel, are associated with alterations of cardiac conduction parameters and the cardiac rhythm disorder Brugada syndrome; however, it is unclear how SCN10A variants promote dysfunctional cardiac conduction. Here we showed by high-resolution 4C-seq analysis of the Scn10a-Scn5a locus in murine heart(More)
We carried out a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of congenital heart disease (CHD). Our discovery cohort comprised 1,995 CHD cases and 5,159 controls and included affected individuals from each of the 3 major clinical CHD categories (with septal, obstructive and cyanotic defects). When all CHD phenotypes were considered together, no region achieved(More)
BACKGROUND Considerable interest exists in the identification of genetic modifiers of disease severity in the long-QT syndrome (LQTS) as their identification may contribute to refinement of risk stratification. METHODS AND RESULTS We searched for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that modulate the corrected QT (QTc)-interval and the occurrence of(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced cardiac sodium current slows conduction and renders the heart susceptible to ventricular fibrillation. Loss of function mutations in SCN5A, encoding the cardiac sodium channel, are one cause of the Brugada syndrome, associated with slow conduction and a high incidence of ventricular fibrillation, especially in Asians. In this study, we(More)
Brugada syndrome is a genetic disease associated with sudden cardiac death that is characterized by ventricular fibrillation and right precordial ST segment elevation on ECG. Loss-of-function mutations in SCN5A, which encodes the predominant cardiac sodium channel alpha subunit NaV1.5, can cause Brugada syndrome and cardiac conduction disease. However,(More)