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The first evidence that higher plants contain annexins was presented in 1989. Since that time, annexins have been purfied and characterized from a variety of plant sources. Analyses of the deduced proteins encoded by annexin cDNAs indicate that the majority of these plant annexins possess the characteristic four repeats of 70 to 75 amino acids and possess(More)
Hereditary inclusion body myopathy (HIBM; OMIM 600737) is a unique group of neuromuscular disorders characterized by adult onset, slowly progressive distal and proximal weakness and a typical muscle pathology including rimmed vacuoles and filamentous inclusions. The autosomal recessive form described in Jews of Persian descent is the HIBM prototype. This(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p57Kip2 (CDKN1C) is a negative regulator of cell proliferation, binding to a variety of cyclin-CDK complexes and inhibiting their kinase activities in vitro. The p57Kip2 gene is imprinted and the maternal allele is expressed in terminally differentiated cells, including human beta-cells. Somatic loss of p57Kip2(More)
Hereditary inclusion body myopathy (HIBM) is a neuromuscular disorder, caused by mutations in UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase, the key enzyme of sialic acid biosynthesis. In Middle Eastern patients a single homozygous mutation occurs, converting methionine-712 to threonine. Recombinant expression of the mutated enzyme revealed(More)
Hyperinsulinism of infancy is a genetically heterogeneous disease characterized by dysregulation of insulin secretion resulting in severe hypoglycemia. To date, mutations in five different genes, the sulfonylurea receptor (SUR1, ABCC8), the inward rectifying potassium channel (K(IR)6.2, KCNJ11), glucokinase (GCK), glutamate dehydrogenase (GLUD1), and(More)
Long-chain neurotoxins derived from the venom of the Buthidae scorpions, which affect voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) can be subdivided according to their toxicity to insects into insect-selective excitatory and depressant toxins (beta-toxins) and the alpha-like toxins which affect both mammals and insects. In the present study by the aid of(More)
UNLABELLED Chronic inflammation is strongly associated with an increased risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. The multidrug resistance 2 (Mdr2)-knockout (KO) mouse (adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette b4(-/-) ), a model of inflammation-mediated HCC, develops chronic cholestatic hepatitis at an early age and HCC at an adult age. To(More)
Lipoid proteinosis (LP) (OMIM 247100) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder. Recent studies have shown that LP is the result of reduced expression of the extracellular matrix protein gene (ECM-1), in which loss-of-function mutations have been described. In the present report, we describe a large consanguineous family with LP. We identified a homozygous(More)
BACKGROUND The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the major risk factors for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Nevertheless, transgenic mice which express the whole HCV polyprotein (HCV-Tg) do not develop HCC. Whereas chronic HCV infection causes inflammation in patients, in HCV-Tg mice, the host immune reaction against viral proteins is(More)