Tamara N. Fitzgerald

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OBJECTIVES Ephrin ligands and Eph receptors are signaling molecules that are differentially expressed on arteries and veins during development. We examined whether Eph-B4, a venous marker, and Ephrin-B2, an arterial marker, are regulated during vein graft adaptation in humans and aged rats. METHODS AND RESULTS Eph-B4 transcripts and immunodetectable(More)
Automated techniques for locating cardiac arrhythmia features are limited, and cardiologists generally rely on isochronal maps to infer patterns in the cardiac activation sequence during an ablation procedure. Velocity vector mapping has been proposed as an alternative method to study cardiac activation in both clinical and research environments. In(More)
BACKGROUD Ventriculoperitoneal shunts are commonly used in the treatment of hydrocephalus, and catheter migration to various body sites has been reported. Pediatric and general surgeons are asked on occasion to assist with intraabdominal access for these shunts, particularly when there may be extensive adhesions or other complicating factors. METHODS We(More)
Isochronal cardiac activation maps can be constructed from local activation times associated with spatial locations, and are frequently used to study cardiac arrhythmias. Cardiac velocity vector mapping has been proposed as an alternative method to study cardiac activation in both clinical and research environments. Velocity vectors inherently contain more(More)
Paragangliomas are rare tumors of the endocrine system. They are highly vascular and in some cases hormonally active, making their management challenging. Although there is strong evidence of the safety and effectiveness of preoperative embolization in the management of spinal tumors, only five cases have been reported in the setting of thoracic(More)
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