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The design, synthesis and properties of N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymers as carriers of anticancer drugs are reviewed. Macromolecular therapeutics based on HPMA copolymers are biocompatible, preferentially accumulate in tumors, and possess a higher anticancer efficacy than low molecular weight drugs. Novel designs of HPMA copolymer(More)
N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymer-adriamycin (ADR) conjugate containing lysosomally degradable oligopeptide (GFLG) side chains terminated in ADR was synthesized. The effect of free and HPMA copolymer-bound ADR on the viability of A2780 sensitive and A2780/AD multidrug resistant human ovarian carcinoma cells was studied in vitro. As(More)
The central problem in cancer chemotherapy is the severe toxic side effects of anticancer drugs on healthy tissues. Invariably the side effects impose dose reduction, treatment delay, or discontinuance of therapy. To limit the adverse side effects of cancer chemotherapy on healthy organs, we proposed a drug delivery system (DDS) with specific targeting(More)
Interaction of spherical particles with cells and within animals has been studied extensively, but the effects of shape have received little attention. Here we use highly stable, polymer micelle assemblies known as filomicelles to compare the transport and trafficking of flexible filaments with spheres of similar chemistry. In rodents, filomicelles(More)
Anticancer activity and main mechanisms of action of free doxorubicin (DOX) and HPMA copolymer-bound DOX (P(GFLG)-DOX) were studied in solid tumor mice models of DOX sensitive and resistant human ovarian carcinoma. Free DOX was effective only in sensitive tumors decreasing the tumor size about three times, whereas P(GFLG)-DOX decreased the tumor size 28 and(More)
The influence of free and N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymer-bound adriamycin (ADR) on the induction of multidrug resistance in the A2780 human ovarian carcinoma cell line was studied in vitro. It was found that chronic exposure to free ADR led to an increase in resistance to ADR and Taxol and overexpression of the MDR1 gene. No significant(More)
AIMS To develop a novel nanomedicine approach for the treatment of multidrug-resistant (MDR) cancer by combining an anticancer drug and suppressors of cellular resistance within one multifunctional nanocarrier-based delivery system (NDS). MATERIALS & METHODS The NDS consisted of cationic liposomes (carrier, 100-140 nm), doxorubicin (DOX, anticancer drug),(More)
PURPOSE To enhance the efficacy of cancer treatment, we propose a complex approach: simultaneous delivery to the tumor of a chemotherapeutic agent and a suppressor of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF1A). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The novel complex liposomal drug delivery system was developed and evaluated in vitro and in vivo on nude mice bearing(More)
Carrier-mediated delivery of drugs into the cytosol is often limited by either release from the carrier or release from an internalizing endolysosome. Here, loading, delivery, and cytosolic uptake of drug mixtures from degradable polymersomes are shown to exploit both the thick membrane of these block copolymer vesicles and their aqueous lumen as well as(More)
This review presents molecular targeting approaches in anticancer drug delivery systems (DDS) and identifies new developments in these systems. Targeting approaches include passive targeting (enhanced permeability and retention effect), targeting specific tumor conditions, topical delivery and active targeting, namely, targeting organs, cells, intracellular(More)