Tamara L. Powell

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Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by socio-communicative impairments. Executive dysfunction may explain some key characteristics of ASD, both social and nonsocial hallmarks. Limited research exists exploring the relations between executive function and social impairment in ASD and few studies have used a(More)
Research on the neural bases of cognitive deficits in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has shown that working memory (WM) difficulties are associated with abnormalities in the prefrontal cortex. However, cognitive load impacts these findings, and no studies have examined the relation between WM load and neural underpinnings in children with ASD. Thus, the(More)
We evaluated whether the volume and growth rate of critical brain structures measured by MRI in the first weeks of life following very preterm (<32/40 weeks) birth could predict subsequent neurodevelopmental outcomes at 4 years of age. A significant proportion of children born very prematurely have cognitive deficits, but these problems are often only(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify perinatal risk factors associated with long-term neurocognitive and behavioral impairments in children born very preterm using a multivariate, partial least squares approach. STUDY DESIGN Twenty-seven perinatal clinical and magnetic resonance imaging measures were collected at birth and during the neonatal intensive care stay for 105(More)
In the present experiment, we evaluated the effects of individual differences in reading span and variation in memory demands on class-inclusion performance. One hundred twenty college students whose reading spans ranged from low to medium to high (as indexed by a computerized version of the Daneman and Carpenter [1980] reading-span task) solved 48(More)
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