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Callus cultures were established from the different parts of Maackia amurensis plants and analyzed for isoflavonoids. The isoflavones daidzein, retuzin, genistein and formononetin and the pterocarpans maakiain and medicarpin were found to be produced by these cultures. The content of isoflavones and pterocarpans was essentially the same in cultures derived(More)
To find more morphological characteristics useful for discussion on aralian or non-aralian Panax affinity, pollen morphological diversity was comparatively analysed in P. ginseng, Aralia elata and Oplopanax elatus collected during their pollination periods. In the anthers of both the buds and open flowers, the pollen average diameter varied between some(More)
AIM The mating system of Panax ginseng, genetics and ontogenetic structure of its natural populations of Primorye (Russia) were investigated. METHODS Genetic diversity was assessed using allozyme and the fluorescently based automated amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) and simple sequence repeats (SSR) markers. RESULTS Total genetic diversity(More)
Results of karyological study of intact plants and some callus lines of Panax ginseng are presented. In the native plants of P. ginseng the nucleus with 1 nucleolus (90%) dominate, and nucleus with 2 nucleoli is rare. One nucleolar nucleus also dominate in interphase nuclei of cells of cultivated P. ginseng (from 2006), but we also found nucleus with 2 to 3(More)
76 Like in animals, the development of plant male gametes is a lasting process of a gradual structural conversion of early gametes into late ones [1, 2]. The stages of P. ginseng pollen grain development from archesporium to the stages of microspore germination, generative cell division, and sperm formation were described using light microscopy [3, 4].(More)
The genus Panax (Araliaceae) is world-famous because many its members have important medicinal properties. Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer is more popular than other species of the genus because remedies prepared from this plant stimulate immunity, help to prevent diseases, and have antistress effects. In addition, the ginseng root extract is traditionally used(More)
Inter- and intraspecific variation of two ginseng species Panax ginseng and P. quinquefolius was estimated by studying 159 RAPD and 39 allozyme loci. Parameters of polymorphism and genetic diversity were determined and a tree was constructed to characterize the differences between individual plants, samples, and species. Genetic variation in P. ginseng(More)
The ontogeny of perennial polycarpic herb Panax ginseng C.A. Mey. (Araliaceae) under plantation conditions was described. Three periods (latent, pregenerative, and generative) and eight age stages have been identified in the ontogeny of cultivated P. ginseng. The generative period of this species is the longest ontogenetic period, which determines the(More)
BACKGROUND The natural habitat of wild P. ginseng is currently found only in the Russian Primorye and the populations are extremely exhausted and require restoration. Analysis of the genetic diversity and population structure of an endangered species is a prerequisite for conservation. The present study aims to investigate the patterns and levels of genetic(More)