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Lymphomas were studied in kindreds with autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS; Canale-Smith syndrome), a disorder of lymphocyte homeostasis usually associated with germline Fas mutations. Fas (CD95/APO-1) is a cell surface receptor that initiates programmed cell death, or apoptosis, of activated lymphocytes. Lymphoma phenotype was determined by(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to determine the sensitivity of the new 2013 classification criteria for systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) in an independent cohort of SSc subjects and to assess the contribution of individual items of the criteria to the overall sensitivity. METHODS SSc subjects from the Canadian Scleroderma Research Group cohort(More)
OBJECTIVE The frequency of coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke are increased in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but the extent of the increase is uncertain. We sought to determine to what extent the increase could not be explained by common risk factors. METHODS The participants at two SLE registries were assessed retrospectively for the baseline(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify in patients with Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) independent markers that predict progression to definite systemic sclerosis (SSc) and to determine in patients with progression to SSc the type and sequence of microvascular damage and its relationship to SSc-specific autoantibodies. METHODS Consecutive patients referred for evaluation of RP(More)
OBJECTIVE We previously reported that patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the US incurred approximately 19% and 12% higher direct medical costs than patients in Canada and the UK, respectively, without experiencing superior outcomes expressed as disease damage or quality of life. In the present study, we compared cumulative indirect costs(More)
OBJECTIVE Health consumption and health status in SLE in three countries with different health funding structures were compared. METHODS Seven hundred and fifteen SLE patients (Canada 231, USA 269, UK 215) were surveyed semi-annually over 4 yr for health resource utilization and health status. Cross-country comparisons of (i) cumulative health expenditure(More)
Dermatomyositis (DM) is a major clinical subset of autoimmune myositis (AIM). The characteristic DM rash (Gottron papules, heliotrope rash) and perifascicular atrophy at skeletal muscle biopsy are regarded as specific features for this diagnosis. However, new concepts are challenging the current definition of DM. A modified Bohan and Peter classification of(More)
OBJECTIVE We have shown that SLE patients in Canada and the UK incurred 20% and 13% lower health costs than those in the US, respectively, but did not experience worse outcomes as expressed by the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index. We now compare change in quality of life in these patients. (More)
OBJECTIVE To compare health care expenditure and health status for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) between nations with distinct mechanisms for funding and delivering health care services. METHODS Seven hundred eight patients with SLE from 2 centers in each of 3 countries (Canada 229, United States 268, United Kingdom 211) underwent(More)
OBJECTIVE Indirect costs result from diminished productivity and are incorporated in cost-benefit analysis to guide health resource allocation. Valuing the productivity impairment of those not involved in labor market activities is controversial but important for diseases affecting predominantly women if allocation decisions are to be economically efficient(More)