Tamara Goldman Sher

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Heavy social drinkers often engage in occasional cigarette smoking, especially in the context of consuming large quantities of alcohol. The current study assessed alcohol’s effects on smoking urge as a function of alcohol dose and time course in tobacco chippers with heavy social drinking patterns. The study assessed 39 chippers who underwent three separate(More)
Researchers have long been interested in the relationship between marital distress and depression. Empirical findings from investigations into the relative contributions of marital distress and depression to marital communication have been inconsistent, and some communication behaviors, such as the demand/withdraw interaction pattern, have yet to be(More)
The study identified relations among traumatic stressors, HIV-related trauma symptoms, comorbid medical conditions, and health related quality of life (HRQL) in individuals with HIV. Participants (N = 118) completed a structured clinical interview on HIV as a traumatic stressor and other severe traumatic stressors and completed the Impact of Event Scale to(More)
Morbidity and mortality are reliably lower for the married compared with the unmarried across a variety of illnesses. What is less well understood is how a couple uses their relationship for recommended lifestyle changes associated with decreased risk for illness. Partners for Life compared a patient and partner approach to behavior change with a patient(More)
Long-term maintenance of behavioral change to reduce health risk factors is essential to producing a positive effect on medical outcomes. This study examines whether an ongoing, long-term relationship can be used to help patients diagnosed with coronary artery disease adhere to a risk-reducing behavioral intervention and maintain healthy behavioral changes.(More)
The effect of intracouple coping concordance on psychological and marital distress was examined in a sample of 46 couples undergoing different stages of infertility treatment. Results indicate that the effect of coping similarity within couples is dependent on both the type of coping examined and the stage of the stressor. Specifically, for women the use of(More)
This study examined human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as a traumatic stressor, intrusive and deliberate cognitive processing, psychological distress, and posttraumatic growth. One-hundred twelve participants completed interviews on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Criterion A, Rumination Scale-Revised, Impact of Event Scale, and the Posttraumatic(More)
The physician-patient relationship has critical importance in the quality of medical care, especially in the oncology setting. Of particular interest over the past two decades has been the communication between physicians and their patients. It is understood that communication is related to patient and physician satisfaction as well as other medical(More)
OBJECTIVE to examine the relationships among non-conventional practices, adherence and immune functioning in individuals with HIV. METHODS 92 participants completed an interview on non-conventional practices (complementary and alternative medicines (CAM), psychosocial therapies, and religious practice). They also completed the Psychiatric Symptom Index(More)
Approximately 100 million people who live in the United States suffer from some type of chronic illness such as diabetes or arthritis. Although the chances of acquiring a chronic illness increase with age, three-quarters of those who currently fall into this group are persons under age 65. It is estimated that by the year 2030, approximately 150 million(More)