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A comparative study of the structure and properties of the sulfated polysaccharides (carrageenans) isolated from the vegetative and reproductive forms of the red alga Tichocarpus crinitus was performed. The polysaccharides were separated into the gelling (KCl-insoluble) and non-gelling (KCl-soluble) fractions by precipitation with 4% KCl. The total content(More)
This paper concerns the potential use of compounds, including lipid A, chitosan, and carrageenan, from marine sources as agents for treating endotoxemic complications from Gram-negative infections, such as sepsis and endotoxic shock. Lipid A, which can be isolated from various species of marine bacteria, is a potential antagonist of bacterial endotoxins(More)
The influence of culture conditions and plasmids on immunoglobulin (Ig)-binding activity of two isogenic strains of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis (plasmid-free strain 48−82− and strain 48+82+ bearing plasmids pYV48 and pVM82) was studied. The highest activity was observed in the bacteria grown on glucose-containing liquid medium in the stationary growth(More)
Enzymatic (the action of lysozyme) and chemical (the action of hydrogen peroxide) hydrolysis of chitosans with various degree of acetylation (DA)—25, 17, and 1.5%—was performed. Purification and fractioning of the hydrolysis products were performed using dialysis, ultrafiltration, and gel-penetrating chromatography. Low-molecular (LM) derivatives of the(More)
The hydrolysis of defatted cells of the marine bacterium Chryseobacterium scophtalmum CIP 104199T with 10% acetic acid (3 h, 100°C) led to an unusual lipid A (LA) (yield 0.6%), obtained for the first time. Using chemical analysis, FAB MS, and NMR spectroscopy, it was shown to be D-glucosamine 1-phosphate acylated with (R)-3-hydroxy-15-methylhexadecanoic and(More)
Some endotoxic properties of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and lipids A (LA) from the marine bacteria Marinomonas communis ATCC 27118T, Marinomonas mediterranea ATCC 700492T, and Chryseobacterium indoltheticum CIP 103168T were studied. The preparations tested were shown to have high 50% lethal doses (4 μg per mouse for LPS from M. mediterranea and more than 12(More)
A number of low molecular weight (LMW) fractions of carrageenans with different structural types were obtained by free radical depolymerization (H2O2), mild acid hydrolysis (HCl), and a specific enzyme. Three samples of carrageenans were depolymerized: kappa-carrageenan from Chondrus armatus, kappa-carrageenan from Kappaphycus alvarezii, and(More)
Proteins capable of non-immune binding of immunoglobulins G (IgG) of various mammalian species, i.e. without the involvement of the antigen-binding sites of the immunoglobulins, are widespread in bacteria. These proteins are located on the surface of bacterial cells and help them to evade the host’s immune response due to protection against the action of(More)
The structure of lipid A from the marine γ-proteobacterium Pseudoalteromonas nigrifaciens IAM 13010T that was prepared by hydrolysis of the corresponding lipopolysaccharide by acetic acid (1%) was determined by chemical analysis, 13C NMR spectroscopy, and MALDI/TOF and LSIMS mass spectrometry. It was shown that lipid A is a β-1,6-bonded disaccharide of(More)
The interactions of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with the polycation chitosan and its derivatives — high molecular weight chitosans (300 kDa) with different degree of N-alkylation, its quaternized derivatives, N-monoacylated low molecular weight chitosans (5.5 kDa) — entrapped in anionic liposomes were studied. It was found that the addition of chitosans(More)