Tamara A. Shiganova

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The native habitats of the ctenophore, Mnemiopsis, are temperate to subtropical estuaries along the Atlantic coast of North and South America, where it is found in an extremely wide range of environmental conditions (winter low and summer high temperatures of 2 and 32 °C, respectively, and salinities of <2–38). In the early 1980s, it was accidentally(More)
A short synthesis of the present state of the ctenophore, Mnemiopsis leidyi, invasion in the Black Sea is given, together with a brief review of its status in other areas of the Mediterranean basin. The impact of M. leidyi on the main components of the pelagic community, mesozooplankton, ichthyoplankton and ®sh resources, based on published data and new(More)
We describe the effect of gelatinous plankton – Aurelia aurita and invaders Mnemiopsis leidyi and Beroe ovata – on fish (eggs, larvae, feeding, and stocks) in the Black Sea and Sea of Azov, based on field data and the relevant literature. Representatives of three ecological groups of fish were chosen as examples: planktivorous anchovy typical of warm-water(More)
The genus Mnemiopsis is comprised of a single species, Mnemiopsis leidyi A. Agassiz, 1865, that has recently made the transition from a distribution limited to the Atlantic coasts of North and South America to an invasive range that includes the Black, Caspian, Mediterranean, North, and Baltic seas. We review the foundations of the ctenophore’s invasive(More)
The abundance, biomass and distribution of the ctenophore, Beroe ovata Mayer 1912 were assessed along with several parameters associated with composition, respiration and feeding. Digestion time of B. ovata feeding on other ctenophores ranged from 4–5.5 h for Mnemiopsis leidyi A. Agassiz to 7–8 h for Pleurobrachia pileus (O. F. Müller). Daily ration was(More)
The introduction and spread of non-indigenous species (NIS) in marine ecosystems accelerated during the twentieth century owing to human activities, notably international shipping. Genetic analysis has proven useful in understanding the invasion history and dynamics of colonizing NIS and identifying their source population(s). Here we investigated sequence(More)
Vladimir P. Ivanov1, Andrey M. Kamakin1, Vladimir B. Ushivtzev1, Tamara Shiganova5, Olga Zhukova1, Nikolay Aladin2, Susan I. Wilson3, G. Richard Harbison4 & Henri J. Dumont6,∗ 1CaspNIRH, Astrakhan, Russia; 2Brackish Water Laboratory, Russian Academy of Sciences, St.-Petersburg, Russia; 3School of Biology and Biochemistry, Queens University, Belfast, UK;(More)
Primary data on population, size, and distribution of a new settler--comb jelly Beroe ovata--in the Black Sea are presented. We studied certain aspects of its nutrition, consumed organisms, and digestion time. Comb jellies Mnemiopsis leidyi and Pleurobachia pileus were established as the nutritional targets of B. ovata. Mnemiopsis proved to be more(More)
We analyzed the state of pelagic ecosystem of northeastern Black Sea affected by invasion of a new settler Beroe ovata in 1999–2001. Development of B. ovata considerably decreased the population of another invader, Mnemiopsis leidyi, that deformed the Black Sea ecosystem for over a decade. Reduction of M. leidyi population limited its influence on the(More)
Observations of ctenophore species were made in the Gulf of Trieste between 2003 and 2006. We examined native ctenophore species with special attention to representatives of the orders Lobata and Beroida, and we recorded among them two non-native ctenophores: Mnemiopsis leidyi A. Agassiz 1865 and Beroe ovata sensu Mayer, 1912. The validity of the(More)