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Gene targeting was used to create a null allele at the epidermal growth factor receptor locus (Egfr). The phenotype was dependent on genetic background. EGFR deficiency on a CF-1 background resulted in peri-implantation death due to degeneration of the inner cell mass. On a 129/Sv background, homozygous mutants died at mid-gestation due to placental(More)
Insulin stimulates glucose uptake into skeletal muscle tissue mainly through the translocation of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) to the plasma membrane. The precise mechanism involved in this process is presently unknown. In the cascade of events leading to insulin-induced glucose transport, insulin activates specific protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms. In this(More)
Retinoic acid receptor transcripts (RARalpha and RARgamma) are decreased in benign mouse epidermal tumors relative to normal skin and are almost absent in carcinomas. In this report, the expression of RARalpha and RARgamma proteins was analyzed by immunoblotting in benign skin tumors induced by two different promotion protocols designed to yield tumors at(More)
Altered skin wound healing is a common cause of morbidity and mortality among diabetic patients. However, the molecular mechanisms whereby diabetes alters skin physiology have not been elucidated. In this study, we investigated the relative roles of hyperglycemia, insulin, and IGF-I, all of which are abnormal in diabetes, in primary murine skin(More)
Retinoids are powerful regulators of epidermal cell growth and differentiation and are widely used in the prevention and treatment of skin disorders and cancers in humans. Since many of the effects of retinoids on cell growth and differentiation are mediated by nuclear retinoid receptors (RARs and RXRs), we were interested in determining RAR and RXR gene(More)
Impaired wound healing of skin is one of the most serious complications of diabetes. However, the pathogenesis of this process is not known, and it is unclear whether impaired insulin signaling could directly affect skin physiology. To elucidate the role of insulin in skin, we studied skin insulin receptor (IR) null mice. The morphology of the skin of(More)
Members of the NIMA-related kinases (NRK) family are recently emerging as central regulators of various aspects of the cell cycle. However, the cellular roles of the mammalian NRK, Nek7, remain obscure. We show here that the endogenous Nek7 protein is enriched at the centrosome in a microtubule-independent manner. Overexpression of wt or kinase-defective(More)
Although tuberculosis (TB) screening of immigrants has been conducted for over 50 yr in many industrialized countries, its cost- effectiveness has never been evaluated. We prospectively compared the yield and cost-effectiveness of two immigrant TB screening programs, using close-contact investigation and passive case detection. Study subjects included all(More)
Effective wound healing leads to restoration of tissue integrity and occurs through a highly organized multistage process involving various cell types. Currently, methods for wound healing assessment lack a structured system for analysis of quantitative parameters. We have established a unique quantitative assessment strategy of wound healing stages based(More)