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Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare and aggressive skin tumor. The link between tumorigenesis and immunosuppression is well known and the increased prevalence of MCC in human immunodeficiency virus carriers and organ transplant recipients and in patients with hemato-oncological neoplasias is now well recognized over the past decade. In this respect,(More)
Hypomethylating agents have become the standard therapy for patients with high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). In Israel, azacitidine (AZA) is routinely used. Yet, infectious complications are common during AZA therapy. The current study was aimed to evaluate the incidence and predisposing risk factors for infections in AZA-treated patients. This(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow (BM) biopsies from patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) may show reticulin fibrosis at diagnosis, but its significance remains unclear. This study sought to assess the prognostic impact of BM reticulin fibrosis in patients with previously untreated CLL. METHODS Data was reviewed from untreated CLL patients in the(More)
In this retrospective study we evaluated the prognostic impact of peripheral blood monocytosis in patients with T-cell non Hodgkin lymphomas with "aggressive-typically nodal presentation". In this dataset monocytes >0.8 × 10(9)/L had a strong and statistically significant negative impact on overall survival (OS). In univariate analysis several parameters,(More)
Hemophagocytic syndrome (HS) is a severe and acute proliferative process of histiocytes, often associated with infection or malignancy. No consistent clonal abnormality has been reported in HS. We report a case of a child presented with HS, who progressed later to acute myeloid leukemia (AML)-M4, associated with a clonal evolution, from normal to a complex(More)
The mechanisms by which B lymphocytes inhibit anti-tumor immunity remain poorly understood. Murine EMT-6 mammary tumors grow readily in immune competent mice (BALB/c), but poorly in B-cell-deficient μ−/− BALB/c mice (BCDM). T regulatory cell (Treg) expansion and function were impaired in BCDM compared with BALB/c. In this study, we compared tumor growth,(More)
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a heterogeneous population of immature myeloid cells at different stages of maturation that play a role in cancer tolerance and function as an immune-suppressive cell subpopulation. They utilize different mechanisms to block both innate and adaptive arms of anti-tumour immunity, mostly through inhibition of T(More)
In this study we assessed the prognostic significance of absolute monocyte count and selected the best cut-off value at diagnosis in a large cohort of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Data were retrieved for therapy-naïve patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma followed in Israel and Italy during 1993-2010. A final cohort of 1017 patients(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that B lymphocytes play a central role in inhibiting the immune response against certain tumors, but the underlying mechanisms by which B cells facilitate tumor growth are still poorly understood. In this study, we investigated how the presence or absence of B cells affects expansion and function of T-regulatory cells (‘T-regs’)(More)
In the August issue of Cancer Research , Inoue et al. reported a mechanism by which B cells inhibit the immune response against tumors. Their results support a model whereby B cell stimulation via CD40 leads to diminished CD8 and natural killer cell–mediated IFN-g secretion and thereby attenuates antitumor immunity (1). Their results are in line with(More)