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BACKGROUND Bone marrow (BM) biopsies from patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) may show reticulin fibrosis at diagnosis, but its significance remains unclear. This study sought to assess the prognostic impact of BM reticulin fibrosis in patients with previously untreated CLL. METHODS Data was reviewed from untreated CLL patients in the(More)
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare and aggressive skin tumor. The link between tumorigenesis and immunosuppression is well known and the increased prevalence of MCC in human immunodeficiency virus carriers and organ transplant recipients and in patients with hemato-oncological neoplasias is now well recognized over the past decade. In this respect,(More)
The mechanisms by which B lymphocytes inhibit anti-tumor immunity remain poorly understood. Murine EMT-6 mammary tumors grow readily in immune competent mice (BALB/c), but poorly in B-cell-deficient μ(-/-) BALB/c mice (BCDM). T regulatory cell (Treg) expansion and function were impaired in BCDM compared with BALB/c. In this study, we compared tumor growth,(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that B lymphocytes play a central role in inhibiting the immune response against certain tumors, but the underlying mechanisms by which B cells facilitate tumor growth are still poorly understood. In this study, we investigated how the presence or absence of B cells affects expansion and function of T-regulatory cells ('T-regs')(More)
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a heterogeneous population of immature myeloid cells at different stages of maturation that play a role in cancer tolerance and function as an immune-suppressive cell subpopulation. They utilize different mechanisms to block both innate and adaptive arms of anti-tumour immunity, mostly through inhibition of T(More)
In this study we assessed the prognostic significance of absolute monocyte count and selected the best cut-off value at diagnosis in a large cohort of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Data were retrieved for therapy-naïve patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma followed in Israel and Italy during 1993-2010. A final cohort of 1017 patients(More)
Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are malignant disorders originating from clonal expansion of a single neoplastic stem cell and characteristically show an increase in bone marrow reticulin fibers. Lysyl oxidases (LOXs) are copper-dependent amine oxidases that play a critical role in the biogenesis of connective tissue by crosslinking extracellular matrix(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a disease of older patients and median age at diagnosis is 72 years. This older group is under-represented in clinical trials, (median age 58-62 years). Here we review background data on incidence, survival, definitions of older age, fitness criteria, frailty and co-morbidities. Issues influencing the choice of therapy(More)