Tamar Pirtskhalava

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Anatomically separate fat depots differ in size, function, and contribution to pathological states, such as the metabolic syndrome. We isolated preadipocytes from different human fat depots to determine whether the basis for this variation is partly attributable to differences in inherent properties of fat cell progenitors. We found that genome-wide(More)
Senescent cells accumulate in fat with aging. We previously found genetic clearance of senescent cells from progeroid INK-ATTAC mice prevents lipodystrophy. Here we show that primary human senescent fat progenitors secrete activin A and directly inhibit adipogenesis in non-senescent progenitors. Blocking activin A partially restored lipid accumulation and(More)
Preadipocytes exposed to octanoate accumulate less lipid than cells exposed to long-chain fatty acids. This effect of octanoate involves significant attenuation of expression of key adipogenic transcription factors, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)gamma, steroid regulatory binding element protein (SREBP)-1c and CCAAT element(More)
In advanced old age, fat depot size declines while lipid is redistributed to muscle, bone marrow, and other tissues. Decreased fat depot size is related to reduced fat cell size and function and impaired differentiation of preadipocytes into fat cells. Reduced differentiation-dependent gene expression results from decreased abundance of the adipogenic(More)
Fat distribution varies among individuals with similar body fat content. Innate differences in adipose cell characteristics may contribute because lipid accumulation and lipogenic enzyme activities vary among preadipocytes cultured from different fat depots. We determined expression of the adipogenic transcription factors peroxisome proliferator activated(More)
Fat depots vary in function and size. The preadipocytes that fat cells develop from exhibit distinct regional characteristics that persist in culture. Human abdominal subcutaneous cultured preadipocytes undergo more extensive lipid accumulation, higher adipogenic transcription factor expression, and less TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis than omental(More)
The healthspan of mice is enhanced by killing senescent cells using a transgenic suicide gene. Achieving the same using small molecules would have a tremendous impact on quality of life and the burden of age-related chronic diseases. Here, we describe the rationale for identification and validation of a new class of drugs termed senolytics, which(More)
While reports suggest a single dose of senolytics may improve vasomotor function, the structural and functional impact of long-term senolytic treatment is unknown. To determine whether long-term senolytic treatment improves vasomotor function, vascular stiffness, and intimal plaque size and composition in aged or hypercholesterolemic mice with established(More)
Preadipocyte differentiation capacity declines between middle and old age. Expression of the adipogenic transcription factors, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) alpha and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), is lower in differentiating preadipocytes from old than young animals, although no age-related changes occur in C/EBPbeta(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the leading form of arthritis in the elderly, causing pain, disability, and immobility. OA has been associated with accumulation of senescent cells in or near joints. However, evidence for a causal link between OA and cellular senescence is lacking. Here, we present a novel senescent cell transplantation model involving injection of(More)