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Since BRCA1, the first major gene responsible for inherited breast cancer, was cloned, more than 50 unique mutations have been detected in the germline of individuals with breast and ovarian cancer. In high-risk pedigrees, female carriers of BRCA1 mutations have an 80-90% lifetime risk of breast cancer, and a 40-50% risk of ovarian cancer. However, the(More)
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans interact with many extracellular matrix constituents, growth factors and enzymes. Degradation of heparan sulfate by endoglycosidic heparanase cleavage affects a variety of biological processes. We have purified a 50-kDa heparanase from human hepatoma and placenta, and now report cloning of the cDNA and gene encoding this(More)
Applying a next-generation sequencing assay targeting 145 cancer-relevant genes in 40 colorectal cancer and 24 non-small cell lung cancer formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue specimens identified at least one clinically relevant genomic alteration in 59% of the samples and revealed two gene fusions, C2orf44-ALK in a colorectal cancer sample and KIF5B-RET(More)
The mutations 185delAG, 188del11, and 5382insC in the BRCA1 gene and 6174delT in the BRCA2 gene were analyzed in 199 Ashkenazi and 44 non-Ashkenazi Jewish unrelated patients with breast and/or ovarian cancer. Of the Jewish Ashkenazi women with ovarian cancer, 62% (13/21) had one of the target mutations, as did 30% (13/43) of women with breast cancer alone(More)
BACKGROUND Heparanase is an endoglycosidase that degrades heparan sulfate, the main polysaccharide constituent of the extracellular matrix and basement membrane. Expression of the heparanase gene is associated with the invasive, angiogenic, and metastatic potential of diverse malignant tumors and cell lines. We used gene-silencing strategies to evaluate the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether women with epithelial ovarian cancer are more likely to have been exposed to fertility drugs, and in particular hMG, than healthy population controls. DESIGN A nationwide case-control study. PATIENTS Two hundred living women 36 to 64 years of age, with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of primary invasive or borderline(More)
Variation in the penetrance estimates for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers suggests that other factors may modify cancer risk from specific mutations. One possible mechanism is an epigenetic effect of polymorphisms in other genes. Genes involved in hormonal signal transduction are possible candidates. The AIB1 gene, an estrogen receptor (ER) coactivator,(More)
Variation in penetrance estimates for BRCA1/2 carriers suggests that other environmental and genetic factors may modify cancer risk in carriers. The GSTM1, T1 and P1 isoenzymes are involved in metabolism of environmental carcinogens. The GSTM1 and GSTT1 gene is absent in a substantial proportion of the population. In GSTP1, a single-nucleotide polymorphism(More)
BACKGROUND The principal role of sentinel lymph node (SLN) sampling and ultrastaging in colon cancer is enhanced staging accuracy. The utility of this technique for patients with colon cancer remains controversial. PURPOSE This multicenter randomized trial was conducted to determine if focused assessment of the SLN with step sectioning and(More)
Variation in the penetrance estimates for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers suggests that other genetic polymorphisms may modify the cancer risk in carriers. The RAD51 gene, which participates in homologous recombination double-strand breaks (DSB) repair in the same pathway as the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene products, is a candidate for such an effect. A(More)