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We have recently shown that the rat brain Kv1.1 (RCK1) voltage-gated K+ channel is partially phosphorylated in its basal state in Xenopus oocytes and can be further phosphorylated upon treatment for a short time with a cAMP analog (Ivanina, T., Perts, T., Thornhill, W. B., Levin, G., Dascal, N., and Lotan, I. (1994) Biochemistry 33, 8786-8792). In this(More)
Numerous epidemiological studies clearly suggest that estrogen is one of the main driving forces in breast tumorigenesis, but precise mechanisms of cancer promotion by estrogen remain poorly understood. Classically, tumorigenic effects of estrogen have been attributed to its ability to directly promote the proliferation of breast cancer cells. In addition(More)
Variation in penetrance estimates for BRCA1/2 carriers suggests that other environmental and genetic factors may modify cancer risk in carriers. The GSTM1, T1 and P1 isoenzymes are involved in metabolism of environmental carcinogens. The GSTM1 and GSTT1 gene is absent in a substantial proportion of the population. In GSTP1, a single-nucleotide polymorphism(More)
Applying a next-generation sequencing assay targeting 145 cancer-relevant genes in 40 colorectal cancer and 24 non-small cell lung cancer formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue specimens identified at least one clinically relevant genomic alteration in 59% of the samples and revealed two gene fusions, C2orf44-ALK in a colorectal cancer sample and KIF5B-RET(More)
Variation in the penetrance estimates for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers suggests that other genetic polymorphisms may modify the cancer risk in carriers. The RAD51 gene, which participates in homologous recombination double-strand breaks (DSB) repair in the same pathway as the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene products, is a candidate for such an effect. A(More)
BACKGROUND Heparanase, a mammalian endo-beta-D-glucuronidase, specifically degrades heparan sulfate proteoglycans ubiquitously associated with the cell surface and extracellular matrix. This single gene encoded enzyme is over-expressed in most human cancers, promoting tumor metastasis and angiogenesis. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We report that targeted disruption(More)
The modulation by protein kinase C (PKC) of the RCK1 K+ channel was investigated in Xenopus oocytes by integration of two-electrode voltage clamp, site-directed mutagenesis and SDS-PAGE analysis techniques. Upon application of beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) the current was inhibited by 50-90%. No changes in the voltage sensitivity of the(More)
BACKGROUND Heparanase is an endoglycosidase that degrades heparan sulfate, the main polysaccharide constituent of the extracellular matrix and basement membrane. Expression of the heparanase gene is associated with the invasive, angiogenic, and metastatic potential of diverse malignant tumors and cell lines. We used gene-silencing strategies to evaluate the(More)
Heparanase is an endoglycosidase that cleaves heparan sulfate (HS), the main polysaccharide of the basement membrane (BM). HS is responsible for BM integrity and barrier function. Hence, enzymatic degradation of HS in the vascular subendothelial BM is a prerequisite for extravasation of immune cells and plasma components during inflammation. Here, we(More)
Pharmacokinetic and imaging studies in 19 patients receiving liposome-entrapped adriamycin (L-ADM) were carried out within the framework of a Phase I clinical trial (Gabizon et al., 1989a). The formulation of L-ADM tested consisted of 0.2 microM-extruded multilamellar vesicles composed of egg phosphatidylcholine, egg-derived phosphatidyl-glycerol (PG),(More)