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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hyperkinetic conduct disorder (HCD) has been identified as a common psychiatric diagnosis among children and adolescents. This disorder affects many life aspects of both child and family. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of the selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI), reboxetine, in treating children with(More)
Theory of mind (ToM) abilities of children with schizophrenia, children with high functioning autism, and normally developing children, matched on mental age (MA), verbal MA, and performance MA, were compared. Both clinical groups were matched on chronological age as well, whereas the normally developing children were younger. A fact belief task, a value(More)
The use of typical antipsychotics is limited in children with schizophrenia, owing to the high rate of response failure and early appearance of extrapyramidal syndromes as well as tardive and withdrawal dyskinesia. The aim of the present study was to examine the effectiveness of the atypical antipsychotic olanzapine in the treatment of childhood-onset(More)
There are cumulative data indicating involvement of the 5-HT system in autistic disorder. Most studies examining 5-HT function have focused on whole blood 5-HT content. The carbohydrate-rich meal test (CRMT) is a dietary manipulation that could significantly influence platelet-poor plasma (PPP) 5-HT levels and reflect the responsiveness of the serotonergic(More)
Velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS) is associated with an increased frequency of schizophrenia and other types of psychiatric morbidity. In this study, we tried to identify a subgroup of schizophrenic patients with deletions in the VCFS region of the long arm of chromosome 22. For that purpose, we screened the records of two major general hospitals for(More)
The aim of this study was to determine for the first time neurosteroid levels, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and DHEA-sulfate (DHEA-S) in particular, in a group of adult patients with autistic disorder and compare these levels with normal healthy individuals. Levels of DHEA, DHEA-S and cortisol were compared between 15 adult drug-free patients with autistic(More)
Velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS) is caused by a microdeletion in the long arm of chromosome 22 and is associated with an increased frequency of schizophrenia and bipolar mood disorder. The purpose of this study was to investigate the genetic, physical, developmental and psychiatric features of schizophrenic patients with VCFS microdeletion. It describes(More)
The present open-label study assessed the efficacy of zuclopenthixol, an thioxanthene neuroleptic with combined dopamine receptors (D1/D2) antagonist activity, in the treatment of severe behavioral disturbances in mentally retarded children and adolescents. A sample of 15 (11 males, 4 females) mentally retarded children and adolescents, ages 5-18 years(More)
The role of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) in endotoxin-induced shock was investigated in pigs receiving 5 micrograms kg-1 of Escherichia coli endotoxin (LPS) during 60 min of continuous infusion into the superior mesenteric artery. LPS concentration in aortic plasma, as determined by a chromogenic Limulus amoebocyte lysate (LAL) test, reached a(More)