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IMPORTANCE Information on age-specific risk for Parkinson disease (PD) in patients with Gaucher disease (GD) and glucocerebrosidase (GBA) heterozygotes is important for understanding the pathophysiology of the genetic association and for counseling these populations. OBJECTIVE To estimate the age-specific risk for PD in Ashkenazi Jewish patients with type(More)
Crosstalk between signaling pathways is crucial for the generation of complex and varied transcriptional networks. Antagonism between the EGF-receptor (EGFR) and Notch pathways in particular is well documented, although the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. The global corepressor Groucho (Gro) and its transducin-like Enhancer-of-split (TLE)(More)
The antimicrobial and cytotoxic effects of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and sodium dichloroisocyanurate (NaDCC) were evaluated and compared in vitro. The minimal inhibitory concentration and minimal bactericidal concentration of NaOCl and NaDCC were tested for Streptococcus sobrinus, Streptococcus salivarius, Enterococcus faecalis, and Streptococcus mutans.(More)
Drosophila Groucho, like its vertebrate Transducin-like Enhancer-of-split homologues, is a corepressor that silences gene expression in numerous developmental settings. Groucho itself does not bind DNA but is recruited to target promoters by associating with a large number of DNA-binding negative transcriptional regulators. These repressors tether Groucho(More)
Comparative kinetic studies with glycon inhibitors were used to investigate the properties of the active site of human acid beta-glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.45) from normal placenta and spleens of type 1 Ashkenazi Jewish Gaucher disease (AJGD) patients. With the pure normal enzyme, the specificity of glycon binding was assessed with 35 glucose derivatives and(More)
A colored derivative of sphingomyelin was synthesized and used as substrate for several sphingomyelinases. The compound is N-omega-trinitrophenyl-aminolaurylsphingosylphosphorylcholine. The rate of hydrolysis of this substrate was compared to that of bovine brain sphingomyelin, labelled with tritium in the choline moiety. The following enzyme preparations(More)
Human acid beta-glucosidase (D-glucosyl-N-acylsphingosine glucohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.45) cleaves the glucosidic bonds of glucosylceramide and synthetic beta-glucosides. The deficient activity of this hydrolase is the enzymatic defect in the subtypes and variants of Gaucher disease, the most prevalent lysosomal storage disease. To isolate and characterize the(More)
Types A and B Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) result from inherited deficiencies of the lysosomal hydrolase, acid sphingomyelinase (ASM; sphingomyelin cholinephosphohydrolase, EC 3.1.4.12). To evaluate the feasibility of somatic gene therapy for the treatment of these disorders, retroviral-mediated gene transfer was used to introduce the full-length ASM cDNA(More)
The aim of this study was to diagnose lipid storage diseases in embryos at the preimplantation stage. Two parallel approaches were employed. Firstly, activities of several sphingolipid hydrolases were determined in extracts of murine embryos and also human oocytes and polyspermic embryos. Sensitive fluorescent or fluorogenic procedures provided indications(More)
A new acid beta-glucosidase assay for the detection of heterozygotes for Gaucher Type I disease has been developed using isolated lymphocytes as enzyme source and a novel fluorescent natural substrate, NBD-glucosyl ceramide. The procedure for optimal heterozygote discrimination was established by systematic evaluation of the effect of various solubilization(More)