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Drosophila Groucho, like its vertebrate Transducin-like Enhancer-of-split homologues, is a corepressor that silences gene expression in numerous developmental settings. Groucho itself does not bind DNA but is recruited to target promoters by associating with a large number of DNA-binding negative transcriptional regulators. These repressors tether Groucho(More)
The antimicrobial and cytotoxic effects of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and sodium dichloroisocyanurate (NaDCC) were evaluated and compared in vitro. The minimal inhibitory concentration and minimal bactericidal concentration of NaOCl and NaDCC were tested for Streptococcus sobrinus, Streptococcus salivarius, Enterococcus faecalis, and Streptococcus mutans.(More)
IMPORTANCE Information on age-specific risk for Parkinson disease (PD) in patients with Gaucher disease (GD) and glucocerebrosidase (GBA) heterozygotes is important for understanding the pathophysiology of the genetic association and for counseling these populations. OBJECTIVE To estimate the age-specific risk for PD in Ashkenazi Jewish patients with type(More)
Comparative kinetic studies with glycon inhibitors were used to investigate the properties of the active site of human acid beta-glucosidase (EC from normal placenta and spleens of type 1 Ashkenazi Jewish Gaucher disease (AJGD) patients. With the pure normal enzyme, the specificity of glycon binding was assessed with 35 glucose derivatives and(More)
Human acid beta-glucosidase (D-glucosyl-N-acylsphingosine glucohydrolase, EC cleaves the glucosidic bonds of glucosylceramide and synthetic beta-glucosides. The deficient activity of this hydrolase is the enzymatic defect in the subtypes and variants of Gaucher disease, the most prevalent lysosomal storage disease. To isolate and characterize the(More)
The prosaposin gene encodes a 70 kDa protein. This protein might either reach the lysosomes and get processed there to four peptides, which are activators of known lysosomal enzymes, or be secreted by cells as a 70 kDa protein, recently anticipated to have several biological activities. The human prosaposin gene has a 9 bp exon (exon 8) that is(More)
Crosstalk between signaling pathways is crucial for the generation of complex and varied transcriptional networks. Antagonism between the EGF-receptor (EGFR) and Notch pathways in particular is well documented, although the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. The global corepressor Groucho (Gro) and its transducin-like Enhancer-of-split (TLE)(More)
Types A and B Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) result from inherited deficiencies of the lysosomal hydrolase, acid sphingomyelinase (ASM; sphingomyelin cholinephosphohydrolase, EC To evaluate the feasibility of somatic gene therapy for the treatment of these disorders, retroviral-mediated gene transfer was used to introduce the full-length ASM cDNA(More)
To elucidate the genetic heterogeneity in the three major phenotypic subtypes of Gaucher disease, the residual acid beta-glucosidase in fibroblasts from patients with all three subtypes from different ethnic and demographic groups was investigated by comparative kinetic, thermostability, and immunotitration studies. The kinetic studies delineated three(More)
Types A and B Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) are lysosomal storage disorders resulting from the deficient activity of acid sphingomyelinase (ASM). Type A NPD is characterized by the absence of residual ASM activity, massive accumulation of sphingomyelin and cholesterol within lysosomes, and a rapid, neurodegenerative course that leads to death by 3 years of(More)