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Drosophila Groucho, like its vertebrate Transducin-like Enhancer-of-split homologues, is a corepressor that silences gene expression in numerous developmental settings. Groucho itself does not bind DNA but is recruited to target promoters by associating with a large number of DNA-binding negative transcriptional regulators. These repressors tether Groucho(More)
Human acid beta-glucosidase (D-glucosyl-N-acylsphingosine glucohydrolase, EC cleaves the glucosidic bonds of glucosylceramide and synthetic beta-glucosides. The deficient activity of this hydrolase is the enzymatic defect in the subtypes and variants of Gaucher disease, the most prevalent lysosomal storage disease. To isolate and characterize the(More)
IMPORTANCE Information on age-specific risk for Parkinson disease (PD) in patients with Gaucher disease (GD) and glucocerebrosidase (GBA) heterozygotes is important for understanding the pathophysiology of the genetic association and for counseling these populations. OBJECTIVE To estimate the age-specific risk for PD in Ashkenazi Jewish patients with type(More)
The aim of this study was to diagnose lipid storage diseases in embryos at the preimplantation stage. Two parallel approaches were employed. Firstly, activities of several sphingolipid hydrolases were determined in extracts of murine embryos and also human oocytes and polyspermic embryos. Sensitive fluorescent or fluorogenic procedures provided indications(More)
A new acid beta-glucosidase assay for the detection of heterozygotes for Gaucher Type I disease has been developed using isolated lymphocytes as enzyme source and a novel fluorescent natural substrate, NBD-glucosyl ceramide. The procedure for optimal heterozygote discrimination was established by systematic evaluation of the effect of various solubilization(More)
The antimicrobial and cytotoxic effects of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and sodium dichloroisocyanurate (NaDCC) were evaluated and compared in vitro. The minimal inhibitory concentration and minimal bactericidal concentration of NaOCl and NaDCC were tested for Streptococcus sobrinus, Streptococcus salivarius, Enterococcus faecalis, and Streptococcus mutans.(More)
Comparative kinetic studies with glycon inhibitors were used to investigate the properties of the active site of human acid beta-glucosidase (EC from normal placenta and spleens of type 1 Ashkenazi Jewish Gaucher disease (AJGD) patients. With the pure normal enzyme, the specificity of glycon binding was assessed with 35 glucose derivatives and(More)
Human acid beta-glucosidase (glucosylceramidase; EC cleaves the glycosidic bonds of glucosyl ceramide and synthetic beta-glucosides. Conduritol B epoxide (CBE) and its brominated derivative are mechanism-based inhibitors which bind covalently to the catalytic site of acid beta-glucosidase. Procedures using brominetritiated CBE and monospecific(More)
To elucidate the genetic heterogeneity in Gaucher disease, the residual beta-glucosidase in cultured fibroblasts from affected patients with each of the major phenotypes was investigated in vitro and/or in viable cells by inhibitor studies using the covalent catalytic site inhibitors, conduritol B epoxide or its bromo derivative, and the reversible cationic(More)
To elucidate the genetic heterogeneity in the three major phenotypic subtypes of Gaucher disease, the residual acid beta-glucosidase in fibroblasts from patients with all three subtypes from different ethnic and demographic groups was investigated by comparative kinetic, thermostability, and immunotitration studies. The kinetic studies delineated three(More)