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Doxorubicin (Dox) is a well-established chemotherapeutic agent, however it has limited efficacy in treating brain malignancies due to the presence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Recent preclinical studies have demonstrated that focused ultrasound induced BBB disruption (BBBD) enables efficient delivery of Dox to the brain. For future treatment planning(More)
Reversible and localized blood-brain barrier disruption (BBBD) using focused ultrasound (FUS) in combination with intravascularly administered microbubbles (MBs) has been established as a non-invasive method for drug delivery to the brain. Using two-photon fluorescence microscopy (2 PFM), we imaged the cerebral vasculature during BBBD and observed the(More)
We evaluated the performance of the automated body fluid mode of the Sysmex XE-5000 series automated haematology analyzer and compared the performance of the automated method for obtaining white blood cell (WBC), red blood cell (RBC) counts and WBC differential counts with microscopic method. One hundred and seventy-four samples were analysed: 81 ascitic(More)
Transcranial focused ultrasound (FUS) can cause temporary, localized increases in blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability for effective drug delivery to the brain. In pre-clinical models of Alzheimer's disease, FUS has successfully been used to deliver therapeutic agents and endogenous therapeutic molecules to the brain leading to plaque reduction and(More)
Considering the plasmon oscillation of each layer of the cell membranes as a quasi-particle, we introduce a simple model for the membrane collective charge excitations, take into account the surface effective potential of the plasmon-plasmon interaction between two layers. By using the useful Bogoliubov transformation method, we easily obtained the(More)
Focused ultrasound (FUS) and microbubbles have been used effectively for transient, noninvasive blood¿ brain barrier disruption (BBBD). The use of two-photon microscopy (2PM) imaging of BBBD can provide valuable insights into the associated cellular mechanisms and fundamental biological effects. Coupling a thin ring-shaped transducer to a coverslip offers a(More)
The first isolation of 25,26,27-trisnor-3β-acetoxycycloartan-24-oic acid from nature and the absolute configuration of 3R,4R-O-dicaffeoyl quinic acid from the leaves of Artemisia japonica Thunb. (Asteraceae) are reported. The other ten known compounds were also isolated from the leaves and twigs of the plant. Their structures were determined on the basis of(More)
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