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We examined the effect of exercise-induced muscle soreness on maximal force generation, tissue nitric oxide (NO) and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) content in human skeletal muscle. Female volunteers were assigned to control (C) and muscle soreness (MS) groups (n = 6 in each). MS group performed 200 eccentric muscle actions of the rectus femoris to induce(More)
Free radicals have been implicated in the etiology of cardiac dysfunction during sepsis, but the actual species responsible remains unclear. We studied the alterations in myocardial nitric oxide (NO), superoxide, and peroxynitrite generation along with cardiac mechanical function and efficiency in hearts from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated rats. Six hours(More)
We studied the effect of nitroglycerin (NTG) on cardiac nitric oxide (NO) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) content in nitrate-tolerant/nontolerant rats in vivo. The effect of the pharmacological blockade of endogenous NO synthesis and the effect of exogenous NO on cardiac cGMP were also examined. Rats were treated with 100 mg/kg of NTG and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Rapid ventricular pacing (RVP) applied before an index ischaemia has anti-ischaemic effects. Here, we investigated whether RVP applied after index ischaemia attenuates reperfusion injury and whether peroxynitrite, reperfusion injury salvage kinase (RISK) and survival activating factor enhancement (SAFE) pathways as well as haem(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of the novel poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor PJ34 (N-(6-oxo-5,6-dihydro-phenanthridin-2-yl)-N,N-dimethylacetamide) on myocardial and endothelial function after hypothermic ischemia and reperfusion in a heterotopic rat heart transplantation model. After a 1-hour ischemic preservation,(More)
We examined whether the inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis by NG-nitro-L-arginine (lNNA) abolished pacing-induced preconditioning, and if prolonged exposure to cholesterol-enriched diet led to the loss of preconditioning due to decreased cardiac NO formation. Therefore, Wistar rats fed 2% cholesterol-enriched diet or standard diet for 24 weeks were(More)
1. We have recently demonstrated that glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) exerts a direct myocardial anti-ischaemic effect in both GTN-tolerant and nontolerant rats. Here we examined if this effect is mediated by GTN-derived nitric oxide (NO) and involves guanosine 3'5' cyclic monophosphate (cyclic GMP) and ATP-sensitive K+ channels (KATP). 2. Rats were treated with(More)
We investigated whether nitroglycerin (NTG) was able to produce an anti-ischaemic effect in isolated working hearts of rats with vascular tolerance to NTG. Hearts isolated from tolerant and non-tolerant rats were subjected to 10 min coronary occlusion in the presence of 10(-7) M NTG and/or its solvent. NTG alleviated ischaemia-induced deterioration of(More)
Recent studies showed correlation between increased serum apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100) level and Alzheimer's disease. To reveal the possible role of apoB-100 in neurodegeneration, we analyzed the serum lipoprotein and cerebral protein profiles, amyloid plaque formation, apoptosis and brain morphology of transgenic mice overexpressing the human apoB-100(More)
We studied whether tissue levels of nitric oxide (NO) and cGMP are regulated by sensory nerves in normoxic and ischemic hearts. Wistar rats were treated with capsaicin to deplete neurotransmitters from capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves. In separate experiments, capsaicin was applied perineurally to both vagus nerves for selective chemodenervation of vagal(More)