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Since the first description of the minimally invasive totally gasless video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) technique in 1998, relatively few studies have evaluated the outcome of this procedure. The authors review their experiences based on a prospective randomized trial comparing the potential advantages of MIVAT over conventional thyroidectomy. Patients(More)
Percutaneous ethanol injection therapy for autonomously functioning thyroid nodules has been performed in 53 patients. 36 patients suffered from hyperthyroidism, and 17 patients had subclinical hyperthyroidism. Ethanol was administered under ultrasonographic guidance in 2-6 sessions depending on the size of the nodule Local neck pain was the most often(More)
A study was made of the changes in the activities of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase and catalase in the blood of chronic uraemic patients before and after haemodialysis. Changes in serum lipids (primarily neutral lipids), lipoproteins and lipid peroxidation were also followed. Before haemodialysis, antioxidant enzyme activities decreased,(More)
The oral bioavailability of Aprepitant is limited by poor dissolution of the compound in the gastrointestinal tract which is more prominent in the fasted state resulting in significant positive food effect. Due to the low aqueous solubility of the active substance the product development has been focused on decreasing the particle size of the active(More)
The oral bioavailability of Sirolimus is limited by poor dissolution of the compound in the gastrointestinal tract resulting in a low bioavailability and large inter-individual differences in blood levels. Several different formulation approaches were applied to overcome these disadvantageous pharmacokinetic properties including the marketed oral solution(More)
The effects of a pharmacological blockade of the mu opiate receptors on the manifestation of tonic-clonic seizures were investigated in freely moving animals. 4-aminopyridine, a specific blocker of the neuronal K+ channels was used to produce generalized convulsions. After pretreatment of adult rats with 1 mg/kg naltrexone HCl, 3, 5, 7, 9, 14 mg/kg(More)