Tamás Ordög

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Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are the pacemakers in gastrointestinal (GI) muscles, and these cells also mediate or transduce inputs from the enteric nervous system. Different classes of ICC are involved in pacemaking and neurotransmission. ICC express specific ionic conductances that make them unique in their ability to generate and propagate slow waves(More)
Specific functions of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) have been linked to distinct classes that differ by morphology and distribution. In the small intestine, slow wave-generating ICC are located in the myenteric region (ICC-MY), whereas ICC that mediate neuromuscular neurotransmission occur either throughout the circular muscle layer (intramuscular ICC,(More)
Peristaltic contractions in the stomach are regulated by the spread of electrical slow waves from the corpus to the pylorus. Gastric slow waves are generated and propagated by the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC). All regions distal to the dominant pacemaker area in the corpus are capable of generating slow waves, but orderly gastric peristalsis depends(More)
1. The gastric corpus and antrum contain interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) within the tunica muscularis. We tested the hypothesis that ICC are involved in the generation and regeneration of electrical slow waves. 2. Normal, postnatal development of slow wave activity was characterized in tissues freshly removed from animals between birth and day 50 (D50).(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) generate and propagate slow waves in the stomach. Gastric peristalsis depends on a proximal-to-distal gradient in slow wave frequency. We tested whether the gastric frequency gradient was an intrinsic property of ICC and whether dysrhythmias result from disruptions of ICC networks. METHODS We studied(More)
PGE(2) has been linked to the production of gastric arrhythmias such as tachygastria. The interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) generate electrical rhythmicity in gastrointestinal muscles, and may therefore be a target for PGE(2) in gastric muscles. We cultured ICC from the murine gastric antrum, verified that cells were Kit immunoreactive, and measured(More)
Gastroenteropathy causes considerable morbidity in patients with diabetes mellitus and represents a major healthcare burden. Current treatments are largely symptomatic and frequently ineffective. Development of new therapeutic options is hampered by poor understanding of the underlying pathomechanisms. Experimental studies and sparse human data indicate(More)
Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) have important functions in regulation of motor activity in the gastrointestinal tract. In murine small intestine, ICC are gathered in the regions of the myenteric plexus (ICC-MY) and the deep muscular plexus (ICC-DMP). These two classes of ICC have different physiological functions. ICC-MY are pacemaker cells and generate(More)
Gastric peristaltic contractions are driven by electrical slow waves modulated by neural and humoral inputs. Excitatory neural input comes primarily from cholinergic motor neurons, but ACh causes depolarization and chronotropic effects that might disrupt the normal proximal-to-distal spread of gastric slow waves. We used intracellular electrical recording(More)
The relative roles of infant suckling and of maternal prolactin (PRL) secretion in lactational anovulation were studied in ovary-intact and ovariectomized rhesus monkeys nursing young that had been removed from their natural mothers. Hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) pulse generator activity was monitored electrophysiologically in freely(More)