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Here we report on a lipid-signalling pathway in plants that is downstream of phosphatidic acid and involves the Arabidopsis protein kinase, AGC2-1, regulated by the 3'-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (AtPDK1). AGC2-1 specifically interacts with AtPDK1 through a conserved C-terminal hydrophobic motif that leads to its phosphorylation and activation,(More)
Plants sense pathogens through both pathogen-associated molecular patterns and recognition of race-specific virulence factors, which induce basal defence or an accelerated defence (often manifest in the form of local cell death), respectively. A mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) module in Arabidopsis was previously proposed to signal from perception(More)
In plants after the disassembly of mitotic spindle, a specific cytokinetic structure called the phragmoplast is built, and after cytokinesis, microtubules populate the cell cortex in an organized orientation that determines cell elongation and shape. Here, we show that impaired cyclin B1 degradation, resulting from a mutation within its destruction box,(More)
The DExH-box NTPase/helicase Prp22p plays two important roles in pre-mRNA splicing. It promotes the second transesterification reaction and then catalyzes the ATP-dependent release of mature mRNA from the spliceosome. Evidence that helicase activity is important emerged from the analysis of Prp22p motif III (SAT) mutations that uncouple the NTPase and(More)
Kip-related proteins (KRPs) play a central role in the regulation of the cell cycle and differentiation through modulation of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) functions. We have identified a CDK inhibitor gene from Medicago truncatula (Mt) by a yeast two-hybrid screen. The KRPMt gene was expressed in all plant organs and cultured cells, and its transcripts(More)
Recently, we reported that high soluble Hsp70 (sHsp70) level was a significant predictor of mortality during an almost 3-year-long follow-up period in patients with colorectal cancer. This association was the strongest in the group of <70-year-old female patients as well as in those who were in a less advanced stage of the disease at baseline. According to(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is a regulatory mechanism that allows cells to adapt to a series of metabolic, redox, and other environmental changes. The role of ER stress was first identified in the maintenance of proteostasis. It has since been shown that ER stress is also critical to the regulation of lipid homeostasis, membrane turnover, and(More)
Reversible phosphorylation of proteins by kinases and phosphatases plays a key regulatory role in several eukaryotic cellular functions including the control of the division cycle. Increasing numbers of sequence and biochemical data show the involvement of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and cyclins in regulation of the cell cycle progression in higher(More)
Although the significance of molecular diagnostics in routine plant virus detection is rapidly growing, the preferred methods are still antibody-based enzyme immunoassays. In the past decade, aptamers have been demonstrated to be viable alternatives of antibodies in many applications. We set out to select apple stem pitting virus (ASPV)-specific aptamers(More)
Metamodeling is a widely applied technique in the field of graphical languages to create highly configurable modeling environments. These environments support the rapid development of domain-specific modeling languages (DSMLs). Design patterns are efficient solutions for recurring problems. With the proliferation of DSMLs, there is a need for(More)