Tamás Jávorfi

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In many biological membranes, the major lipids are "non-bilayer lipids," which in purified form cannot be arranged in a lamellar structure. The structural and functional roles of these lipids are poorly understood. This work demonstrates that the in vitro association of the two main components of a membrane, the non-bilayer lipid(More)
A comparison of the triplet-minus-singlet (TmS) absorption spectrum of spinach chloroplasts, recorded some thirty years ago, with the more recently published TmS spectrum of isolated Chla/b LHCII (light-harvesting complexes associated with photosystem II of higher plants) shows that the two spectra are very similar, which is to be expected, since only the(More)
Absorption spectrophotometry, a standard tool for quantitative analysis, suffers from two major drawbacks: lack of sensitivity and vulnerability to scattering. It has been pointed out earlier that the solution to these problems lies in using a reflecting cavity as a sample holder. Due to multiple reflections at the cavity wall, the effective pathlength(More)
The major chlorophyll (Chl) a/b complexes of photosystem II (LHCIIb), in addition to their primary light-harvesting function, play key roles in the organization of the granal ultrastructure of the thylakoid membranes and in various regulatory processes. These functions depend on the structural stability and flexibility of the complexes. The lumenal side of(More)
By using absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy, we compared the effects of heat and light treatments on the phycobilisome (PBS) antenna of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 cells. Fluorescence emission spectra obtained upon exciting predominantly PBS, recorded at 25 degrees C and 77 K, revealed characteristic changes upon heat treatment of the cells. A 5-min(More)
In photosynthesis research, circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy is an indispensable tool to probe molecular architecture at virtually all levels of structural complexity. At the molecular level, the chirality of the molecule results in intrinsic CD; pigment–pigment interactions in protein complexes and small aggregates can give rise to excitonic CD bands,(More)
Being able to control in time and space the positioning, orientation, movement, and sense of rotation of nano- to microscale objects is currently an active research area in nanoscience, having diverse nanotechnological applications. In this paper, we demonstrate unprecedented control and maneuvering of rod-shaped or tubular nanostructures with high aspect(More)
Hydrophilic carotenoids, unusual members of an intrinsically hydrophobic family, and their radical ions are important reactants. An all-optical method for generating singly charged radical ions of a hydrophilic carotenoid (Car) is described. It relies on photolyzing an aqueous mixture of Car and a photoionizable auxiliary solute (A), and making conditions(More)
Integrating spheres (IS) are widely used for recording spectra of scattering samples by placing the specimen inside or outside the sphere. An unusual application of integrating spheres has been also demonstrated earlier where the liquid sample completely filled the spherical cavity; such a device is often called an integrating cavity absorption meter(More)
Thione analogues of three naturally occurring carotenones (canthaxanthin, echinenone, and rhodoxanthin) were synthesized just over ten years ago, and it was reported that substitution of the oxygen atom by sulphur brings about a large red shift and some broadening in the optical absorption spectrum of the compound. Since the three carotenothiones are(More)