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The origins of telemedicine date back to the early 1970s, and combined with the concept of minimally invasive surgery, the idea of surgical robotics was born in the late 1980s based on the principle of providing active telepresence to surgeons. Many research projects were initiated, creating a set of instruments for endoscopic telesurgery, while visionary(More)
Computer-integrated robotic surgery systems appeared more than twenty years ago and since then hundreds of different prototypes have been developed. Only a fraction of them have been commercialized, mostly to support neurosurgical and orthopaedic procedures.Unquestionably, the most successful one is the da Vinci surgical system, primarily deployed in(More)
Robots have been introduced to the operating room primarily to provide higher accuracy and dexterity. Mechatronic devices can support surgeons with advanced targeting, visualization and task execution with a precision beyond the human skills. To evaluate a system, accuracy tests are required, and proper methodology should be applied to describe its(More)
Image-guided surgery offers great advantages to surgeons through the possibility to track tools in 3D space and to navigate based on the virtual model of the patient. In the case of robot-assisted procedures, both the inherent accuracy of the system components and the quality of the registration procedures are critical to provide high precision treatment(More)
Object tracking is a key enabling technology in the context of computer-assisted medical interventions. Allowing the continuous localization of medical instruments and patient anatomy, it is a prerequisite for providing instrument guidance to subsurface anatomical structures. The only widely used technique that enables real-time tracking of small objects(More)
Recent advances in Image-Guided Surgery allows physicians to incorporate up-to-date, high quality patient data in the surgical decision making, and sometimes to directly perform operations based on pre- or intra-operatively acquired patient images. Electromagnetic tracking is the fastest growing area within, where the position and orientation of tiny(More)
Besides the motion control issues and problems arising in general robotic applications, control engineers frequently encounter difficulties in designing robotic surgery systems due to the complex environmental constraints present. One of the most challenging problems is caused by the unique behavior of soft tissues under manipulations such as grabbing,(More)
Rheological soft tissue models play an important role in designing control methods for modern teleoperation systems. In the meanwhile, these models are also essential for creating a realistic virtual environment for surgical training. The implementation of model-based control in teleoperation has been a frequently discussed topic in the past decades,(More)