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1,3-Dihydro-1-[2-hydroxy-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2H-benzimidazol-2-one (NS1619), a potent activator of the large conductance Ca2+ activated potassium (BK(Ca)) channel, has been demonstrated to induce preconditioning (PC) in the heart. The aim of our study was to test the delayed PC effect of NS1619 in rat cortical neuronal cultures(More)
The objectives of our present experiments were to determine whether the BK(Ca) channel agonist NS1619 is able to induce immediate preconditioning in cultured rat cortical neurons and to elucidate the role of BK(Ca) channels in the initiation of immediate preconditioning. NS1619 depolarized mitochondria and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation,(More)
Cerebral microvascular endothelial cells (CMVECs) have recently been implicated as targets of excitotoxic injury by l-glutamate (l-glut) or N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) in vitro. However, high levels of l-glut do not compromise the function of the blood-brain barrier in vivo. We sought to determine whether primary cultures of rat and piglet CMVECs or(More)
Reduced availability of reactive oxygen species is a key component of neuroprotection against various toxic stimuli. Recently we showed that the hydrogen peroxide scavenger catalase plays a central role in delayed preconditioning induced by the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channel opener BMS-191095. The purpose of the experiments discussed here was(More)
Activation of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (mitoK(ATP)) channels protects the brain against ischemic or chemical challenge. Unfortunately, the prototype mitoK(ATP) channel opener, diazoxide, has mitoK(ATP) channel-independent actions. We examined the effects of BMS-191095, a novel selective mitoK(ATP) channel opener, on transient ischemia induced(More)
We tested whether rosuvastatin (RST) protected against oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced cell death in primary rat cortical neuronal cultures. OGD reduced neuronal viability (%naive controls, mean +/- SE, n = 24-96, P < 0.05) to 44 +/- 1%, but 3-day pretreatment with RST (5 microM) increased survival to 82 +/- 2% (P < 0.05). One-day RST treatment was(More)
Diazoxide is the prototypical opener of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels (mitoK(ATP)) and protects neurons in vivo and in vitro against chemical and anoxic stresses. While we have previously shown that diazoxide administration induces acute preconditioning against transient cerebral ischemia in rats, the potential for delayed preconditioning(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the short-term effects of rosuvastatin (RSV), a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, on transient, focal cerebral ischemia in C57BL/6J ob/ob mice with insulin resistance (IR). Male ob/ob, lean, or wild-type (WT) mice were treated with RSV (10 mg/kg per day, i.p.) or vehicle for 3 days.(More)
Several studies have demonstrated that glucose deprivation, combined either with anoxia or with the inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation, leads to the development of ischemic tolerance in neurons. The aim of our experiments was to investigate whether similar effects could be achieved by transient energy deprivation without either anoxia or the inhibition(More)