Tamás Csont

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The aim of the present study was to investigate if hyperlipidemia interferes with the infarct size-limiting effect of postconditioning and to study the involvement of peroxynitrite in this phenomenon. Rats were fed a 2% cholesterol-enriched or normal diet for 12 wk. Infarct size by triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining was measured in hearts isolated from(More)
OBJECTIVE We have previously shown that cholesterol diet-induced hyperlipidemia (marked hypertriglyceridemia and moderate hypercholesterolemia) increases cardiac formation of peroxynitrite and results in a moderate cardiac dysfunction in rats. Here our aim was to further clarify the mechanism of hyperlipidemia-induced nitrosative stress in a transgenic(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of the novel poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor PJ34 (N-(6-oxo-5,6-dihydro-phenanthridin-2-yl)-N,N-dimethylacetamide) on myocardial and endothelial function after hypothermic ischemia and reperfusion in a heterotopic rat heart transplantation model. After a 1-hour ischemic preservation,(More)
We have previously shown that the inhibition of myocardial nitric oxide (NO) and peroxynitrite-matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) signaling by early preconditioning (PC) is involved in its cardioprotective effect. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the role of NO and peroxynitrite-MMP signaling in the development of late PC. PC was performed by(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic syndrome (coexisting visceral obesity, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, and hypertension) is a prominent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, however, its effect on cardiac gene expression pattern is unclear. Therefore, we examined the possible alterations in cardiac gene expression pattern in male Zucker Diabetic Fatty(More)
We have previously shown that capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves contribute to the regulation of normal cardiac function and to the development of cardiac adaptation to ischemic stress; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unknown. Therefore, here we assessed cardiac functional alterations and relative gene expression changes by DNA(More)
Epidemiological and biochemical data suggest a link between the cholesterol metabolism, the amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing and the increased cerebral beta-amyloid (Abeta) deposition in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The individual and combined effects of a high-cholesterol (HC) diet and the overexpression of the human apoB-100 gene were therefore(More)
We aimed to characterize early changes in microRNA expression in acute cardioprotection by ischemic pre- and postconditioning in rat hearts. Hearts isolated from male Wistar rats were subjected to 1) time-matched nonischemic perfusion, 2) ischemia-reperfusion (30 min of coronary occlusion and 120 min of reperfusion), 3) preconditioning (3 × 5 min of(More)
BACKGROUND Although multivitamin products are widely used as dietary supplements to maintain health or as special medical food in certain diseases, the effects of these products were not investigated in diabetes mellitus, a major cardiovascular risk factor. Therefore, here we investigated if a preparation of different minerals, vitamins, and trace elements(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Recent studies have shown that dietary red palm oil (RPO) supplementation improves functional recovery following ischaemia/reperfusion in isolated hearts. The main aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary RPO supplementation on myocardial infarct size after ischaemia/reperfusion injury. The effects of dietary RPO(More)