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We have examined the structure and function of Ca2+ channels in excitable endocrine cell types, in rat adrenal glomerulosa cells and in two insulin producing cell types, the rat pancreatic beta cell and the INS-1 cell line. In previous studies on glomerulosa cells, we observed low (T-type) and high threshold (L-type) voltage dependent Ca2+ currents in(More)
The methylation status of CpG dinucleotides located in or near regulatory elements affects gene expression. The CpG-rich sequence located outside the 5' promoter region of the human Tyrosine Hydroxylase (TH) gene appears to influence the functional effect of the adjacent intronic HUMTH01 microsatellite. In order to identify new regulatory elements in this(More)
Bisulfite genomic sequencing is the most widely used technique to analyze the 5-methylation of cytosines, the prevalent covalent DNA modification in mammals. The process is based on the selective transformation of unmethylated cytosines to uridines. Then, the investigated genomic regions are PCR amplified, subcloned and sequenced. During sequencing, the(More)
BACKGROUND A large number of PCR primer-design softwares are available online. However, only very few of them can be used for the design of primers to amplify bisulfite-treated DNA templates, necessary to determine genomic DNA methylation profiles. Indeed, the number of studies on bisulfite-treated templates exponentially increases as determining DNA(More)
Loss-of-function mutations in ABCC6 can cause chronic or acute forms of dystrophic mineralization described in disease models such as pseudoxanthoma elasticum (OMIM 26480) in human and dystrophic cardiac calcification in mice. The ABCC6 protein is a large membrane-embedded organic anion transporter primarily found in the plasma membrane of hepatocytes. We(More)
The completion of the Human Genome Project has brought the understanding that our genome contains an unexpectedly large proportion of segmental duplications. This poses the challenge of elucidating the consequences of recent duplications on physiology. We have conducted an in-depth study of a subset of segmental duplications on chromosome 16. We focused on(More)
Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder marked by the appearance of multiple involuntary motor and vocal tics. TS presents high comorbidity rates with other disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). TS is highly heritable and has a complex polygenic background.(More)
The human ATP-binding cassette family C member 6 (ABCC6) gene encodes an ABC transporter protein expressed primarily in the liver and to a lesser extent in the kidneys and the intestines. We review here the mechanisms of this restricted tissue-specific expression and the role of hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α which is responsible for the expression pattern.(More)
Cardiomyocytes from human embryonic stem cells (hESC-CMs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC-CMs) represent new models for drug discovery. Although hypertrophy is a high-priority target, we found that hiPSC-CMs were systematically unresponsive to hypertrophic signals such as the α-adrenoceptor (αAR) agonist phenylephrine (PE) compared to hESC-CMs. We(More)
Heritable ectopic mineralization disorders represent a phenotypically diverse group of conditions characterized by deposition of calcium phosphate complexes in soft connective tissues. The prototype of such conditions is pseudoxanthoma elasticum, and related conditions with overlapping clinical features include generalized arterial calcification of infancy(More)