Taline Elmayan

Learn More
Posttranscriptional gene silencing (PTGS) in plants resuits from the degradation of mRNAs and shows phenomenological similarities with quelling in fungi and RNAi in animals. Here, we report the isolation of sgs2 and sgs3 Arabidopsis mutants impaired in PTGS. We establish a mechanistic link between PTGS, quelling, and RNAi since the Arabidopsis SGS2 protein(More)
trans-acting siRNAs (ta-siRNAs) are endogenous RNAs that direct the cleavage of complementary mRNA targets . TAS gene transcripts are cleaved by miRNAs; the cleavage products are protected against degradation by SGS3, copied into dsRNA by RDR6, and diced into ta-siRNAs by DCL4 . We describe hypomorphic rdr6 and sgs3 Arabidopsis mutants, which do not exhibit(More)
Using grafting procedures, we investigated the transmission of co-suppression of nitrate reductase and nitrite reductase host genes and transgenes and of post-transcriptional silencing of a uidA transgene encoding glucuronidase in tobacco. We demonstrate that silencing is transmitted with 100% efficiency from silenced stocks to non-silenced scions(More)
Post-transcriptional gene silencing (cosuppression) results in the degradation of RNA after transcription. A transgenic Arabidopsis line showing post-transcriptional silencing of a 35S-uidA transgene and uidA-specific methylation was mutagenized using ethyl methanesulfonate. Six independent plants were isolated in which uidA mRNA accumulation and(More)
In order to study the expression in plants of therolD promoter ofAgrobacterium rhizogenes, we have constructed chimaeric genes placing the coding region of thegusA (uidA) marker gene under control of tworolD promoter fragments of different length. Similar results were obtained with both genes. Expression studies were carried out in transformed R1 progeny(More)
A cDNA encoding a protein, NtrbohD, located on the plasma membrane and homologue to the flavocytochrome of the neutrophil NADPH oxidase, was cloned in tobacco. The corresponding mRNA was accumulated when tobacco leaves and cells were treated with the fungal elicitor cryptogein. After elicitation with cryptogein, tobacco cells transformed with antisense(More)
We previously identified Arabidopsis thaliana mutants defective in sense transgene posttranscriptional gene silencing (S-PTGS) that defined six loci; here, we describe mutants that define nine additional loci, including HYPER RECOMBINATION1 (HPR1), SILENCING DEFECTIVE3 (SDE3), and SDE5. Our analyses extend previous findings by showing that the requirement(More)
Transcriptional gene silencing (TGS) controls the expression of transposable elements and of endogenous genes containing promoter repeats, and it is associated with increased DNA methylation. TGS-deficient mutants impaired in siRNA accumulation and/or chromatin modification (ago4, bru1, cmt3, dcl3, ddm1, drd1, drm2, fas1, fas2, hda6, hog1, met1, mom1,(More)
The Arabidopsis ARGONAUTE1 (AGO1) and ZWILLE/PINHEAD/AGO10 (ZLL) proteins act in the miRNA and siRNA pathways and are essential for multiple processes in development. Here, we analyze what determines common and specific function of both proteins. Analysis of ago1 mutants with partially compromised AGO1 activity revealed that loss of ZLL function(More)
Formation of trans-acting small interfering RNAs (ta-siRNAs) from the TAS3 precursor is triggered by the AGO7/miR390 complex, which primes TAS3 for conversion into double-stranded RNA by the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase RDR6 and SGS3. These ta-siRNAs control several aspects of plant development. The mechanism routing AGO7-cleaved TAS3 precursor to RDR6/SGS3(More)