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Posttranscriptional gene silencing (PTGS) in plants resuits from the degradation of mRNAs and shows phenomenological similarities with quelling in fungi and RNAi in animals. Here, we report the isolation of sgs2 and sgs3 Arabidopsis mutants impaired in PTGS. We establish a mechanistic link between PTGS, quelling, and RNAi since the Arabidopsis SGS2 protein(More)
trans-acting siRNAs (ta-siRNAs) are endogenous RNAs that direct the cleavage of complementary mRNA targets . TAS gene transcripts are cleaved by miRNAs; the cleavage products are protected against degradation by SGS3, copied into dsRNA by RDR6, and diced into ta-siRNAs by DCL4 . We describe hypomorphic rdr6 and sgs3 Arabidopsis mutants, which do not exhibit(More)
Using grafting procedures, we investigated the transmission of co-suppression of nitrate reductase and nitrite reductase host genes and transgenes and of post-transcriptional silencing of a uidA transgene encoding glucuronidase in tobacco. We demonstrate that silencing is transmitted with 100% efficiency from silenced stocks to non-silenced scions(More)
In order to study the expression in plants of therolD promoter ofAgrobacterium rhizogenes, we have constructed chimaeric genes placing the coding region of thegusA (uidA) marker gene under control of tworolD promoter fragments of different length. Similar results were obtained with both genes. Expression studies were carried out in transformed R1 progeny(More)
Post-transcriptional gene silencing (cosuppression) results in the degradation of RNA after transcription. A transgenic Arabidopsis line showing post-transcriptional silencing of a 35S-uidA transgene and uidA-specific methylation was mutagenized using ethyl methanesulfonate. Six independent plants were isolated in which uidA mRNA accumulation and(More)
We previously identified Arabidopsis thaliana mutants defective in sense transgene posttranscriptional gene silencing (S-PTGS) that defined six loci; here, we describe mutants that define nine additional loci, including HYPER RECOMBINATION1 (HPR1), SILENCING DEFECTIVE3 (SDE3), and SDE5. Our analyses extend previous findings by showing that the requirement(More)
A cDNA encoding a protein, NtrbohD, located on the plasma membrane and homologue to the flavocytochrome of the neutrophil NADPH oxidase, was cloned in tobacco. The corresponding mRNA was accumulated when tobacco leaves and cells were treated with the fungal elicitor cryptogein. After elicitation with cryptogein, tobacco cells transformed with antisense(More)
The Arabidopsis ARGONAUTE1 (AGO1) and ZWILLE/PINHEAD/AGO10 (ZLL) proteins act in the miRNA and siRNA pathways and are essential for multiple processes in development. Here, we analyze what determines common and specific function of both proteins. Analysis of ago1 mutants with partially compromised AGO1 activity revealed that loss of ZLL function(More)
Five cDNAs encoding Rac protein homologues to the Rho-related proteins from plants (Rop) were isolated in tobacco, and the function of one of them, Ntrac5, was studied. The Ntrac5 mRNA is repressed when tobacco leaves and cells are treated with the fungal elicitor cryptogein. Tobacco cells were transformed with sense constructs of Ntrac5 or Ntrac5V15,(More)