Talfred P Sloan

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A population survey of 258 unrelated white British subjects showed a polymorphism for the 4-oxidation of debrisoquine. "Extensive metabolisers" (EM) and "poor metabolisers" (PM) are recognisable, 8.9% of the population being PM. Nine pedigrees ascertained through PM probands show that the PM phenotype is an autosomal Mendelian recessive character. The EM(More)
The hypothesis is being explored that there may be an association between genetically determined oxidation status and propensity to develop carcinoma in response to environmental chemical carcinogens. For this purpose, the genetic structure of a normal, healthy Nigerian population with respect to oxidation status, has been compared with that found for a(More)
1 The disposition in urine of debrisoquine and its hydroxylated metabolites has been studied in subjects of the 'extensive metabolizer' (EM; n = 5) and 'poor metabolizer' (PM; n = 5) phenotypes. The 4-hydroxylation of debrisoquine by PM subjects following a 10 mg oral dose was capacity-limited and displayed significant dose-dependency over a range of 1-20(More)
The alicyclic and aromatic hydroxylation of debrisoquin was studied in Ghanaians. As in a previously studied Caucasian population, the alicyclic 4-hydroxylation of debrisoquin in Ghanaians was polymorphic. Three phenotypes were observed: homozygous extensive metabolizers (58%), heterozygous extensive metabolizers (36%), and homozygous poor metabolizers(More)
1. The metabolic oxidation of debrisoquine has been studied in a group of 123 Nigerian volunteers. 2. All subjects excreted unchanged drug together with five oxidation products, namely, 4-, 5-, 6-, 7- and 8-hydroxy-debrisoquine. 3. The 4-hydroxylation reaction exhibits polymorphism; ten subjects were defective in their ability to effect this reaction. 4.(More)
Eight volunteers previously phenotyped for their ability to hydroxylate debrisoquine (four extensive metabolisers (EM), four poor metabolisers (PM) were investigated for their metabolic handling of guanoxan and phenacetin. All three drugs are oxidised at carbon centres. Oxidative dealkylation of phenacetin was determined by measuring the rate of formation(More)
The oxidative O-de-ethylation and aromatic 2-hydroxylation of phenacetin have been investigated in panels of extensive (EM, n = 13) and poor (PM, n = 10) metabolizers of debrisoquine. The EM group excreted in the urine significantly more paracetamol (EM: 40.8 +/- 14.9% dose/0-8 h; PM: 29.2 +/- 8.7% dose/0-8 h, 2P less than 0.05) and significantly less(More)
Eleven subjects of previously determined debrisoquine oxidation phenotype status (extensive metabolizer [EM], n = 5; poor metabolizer [PM], n = 6) were studied for their ability to perform the aromatic 4-hydroxylation of phenytoin. The PM subjects studied were found to be slower metabolizers of phenytoin than EM subjects in terms of the metabolite formation(More)
The influence of the genetically controlled deficiency in debrisoquine hydroxylation on antipyrine metabolite formation was studied by giving 500 mg antipyrine to 14 extensive and 10 poor metabolizers of debrisoquine. The pharmacokinetics of antipyrine were determined on the basis of the saliva concentration time curve and the cumulative urinary excretion(More)