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Chitin and its derivatives are commercially important biopolymers due to their applications in medicine, agriculture, water treatment, cosmetics and various biotechnological areas. Since chitin and its derivatives exhibit different chemical and physical properties depending on the source and isolation method, there is a growing demand for new chitin sources(More)
Chitin is a biopolymer that forms the exoskeleton of arthropods, and is found in the cell walls of fungi. It has a wide range of uses in fields such as cosmetics, pharmacy, medicine, bioengineering, agriculture, textiles and environmental engineering based upon its nontoxic, ecofriendly, biocompability and biodegradability characteristics. Commercially,(More)
In green catalyst systems, both the catalyst and the technique should be environmentally safe. In this study we designed a green palladium(II) catalyst for microwave-assisted Suzuki CC coupling reactions. The catalyst support was produced from biopolymers; chitosan and cellulose. The catalytic activity of the catalyst was tested on 16 substrates in(More)
Bio-based catalyst support materials with high thermal and structural stability are desired for catalysts systems requiring harsh conditions. In this study, a thermally stable palladium catalyst (up to 440°C) was designed from sporopollenin, which occurs naturally in the outer exine layer of pollens and is widely acknowledged as chemically very stable and(More)
New application areas for chitin and its derivatives have been extensively investigated and there is a solid, growing demand for new chitin sources. In this present study, chitin content of Daphnia magna resting egg (18-21%) was determined for the first time. FTIR, elemental analysis, TGA, XRD and SEM studies revealed the structural and thermal properties(More)
The chitin structures of two common European species belonging to Insecta (Melolontha melolontha) and Crustacea (Oniscus asellus) were isolated. The same procedure is followed for chitin isolations for both the species. First, HCl was used for removing of minerals in the organisms, and then, the protein structure was removed by using NaOH. Chitins obtained(More)
Spiders are a huge group which includes more than 44,000 species. But there has been no study of the chitin structure of spiders. In this study we physicochemically characterized chitin structure of two common spider species (Geolycosa vultuosa and Hogna radiata). Chitin content was determined as 8-8.5% for G. vultuosa and 6.5-7% for H. radiata. FTIR, TGA(More)
In this study a new morphology of chitin, which could find wide applications in the fields of medicine, pharmacy, agriculture, food and textiles, has been described. The chitin was isolated from the wings of Periplaneta americana employing a conventional method. Considering chitin isolation studies conducted previously, chitin has three surface(More)
Differences in the physichochemical properties of the chitin structure of the exoskeleton of seven species from four genera were investigated in this study. The same method was used to isolate the chitin structure of the seven species. The physicochemical properties of the isolated chitins were revealed by ESEM, FTIR, TGA and XRD analyses. The FTIR, TGA and(More)
Chitins and chitosans obtained from larva and adult Colorado potato beetles (Leptinotarsa decemlineata) were physico-chemically characterized and differences between adults and larvae were identified. The dry weight chitin contents of the adult Colorado potato beetles and larvae were determined as 20% and 7%, respectively. The chitin produced chitosan(More)