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Immunological synapses are initiated by signaling in discrete T cell antigen receptor microclusters and are important for the differentiation and effector functions of T cells. Synapse formation involves the orchestrated movement of microclusters toward the center of the contact area with the antigen-presenting cell. Microcluster movement is associated with(More)
Dopamine is a major neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, and its receptors are associated with a number of neuropathological disorders such as Parkinson's disease and schizophrenia. Although the precise pathophysiology of schizophrenia remains unknown, the dopaminergic hypothesis of the illness assumes that the illness results from excessive(More)
Neuro-immune interactions enable mutual regulation of the nervous and immune systems. To date, evidence exists for manipulations of immune cells by neurotransmitters in the periphery. In this study, we suggest the existence of a pathway by which the brain affects immune cells. The pathway we describe here is mediated by dopamine receptors expressed on(More)
Immunological synapse (IS) formation involves receptor-ligand pair clustering and intracellular signaling molecule recruitment with a coincident removal of other membrane proteins away from the IS. As microfilament-membrane linkage is critical to this process, we investigated the involvement of ezrin and moesin, the two ezrin/radixin/moesin proteins(More)
Recent studies have suggested that the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7 AChR) may play a role in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. In search for peripheral biological markers for schizophrenia we have investigated alpha7 mRNA levels in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) of schizophrenic patients and healthy controls. Peripheral blood(More)
Lymphocyte arrest and spreading on ICAM-1-expressing APCs require activation of lymphocyte LFA-1 by TCR signals, but the conformational switches of this integrin during these critical processes are still elusive. Using Ab probes that distinguish between different LFA-1 conformations, we found that, unlike strong chemokine signals, potent TCR stimuli were(More)
D2 and D3 dopamine receptors belong to the superfamily of G protein-coupled receptors; they share a high degree of homology and are structurally similar. However, they differ from each other in their second messenger coupling properties. Previously, we have studied the differential coupling of these receptors to G proteins and found that while D2 receptor(More)
Striatal microdialysate levels of dopamine (DA) in conscious guinea-pigs were measured following acute (1 day) and chronic (21 days) treatment with deprenyl (2 and 0.25 mg kg(-1) s.c., respectively) or clorgyline (4 and 1 mg kg(-1) s.c., respectively), as well as by combination treatment using the same doses of the two inhibitors. These treatments caused(More)
Disulfide bond formation in secretory proteins occurs primarily in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), where multiple enzyme families catalyze cysteine cross-linking. Quiescin sulfhydryl oxidase 1 (QSOX1) is an atypical disulfide catalyst, localized to the Golgi apparatus or secreted from cells. We examined the physiological function for extracellular catalysis(More)
We show that the conversion of a known intercalating dye (i.e., thiazole orange) into a bivalent protein binder could lead to the realization of a novel class of 'turn-on' fluorescent molecular probes that detect proteins with high affinity, selectivity, and a high signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio. The feasibility of the approach is demonstrated with(More)