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We show how randomly scrambling the output classes of various fractions of the training data may be used to improve predictive accuracy of a classification algorithm. We present a method for calculating the "noise sensitivity signature" of a learning algorithm which is based on scrambling the output classes. This signature can be used to indicate a good… (More)

We introduce a learning algorithm for multilayer neural networks composed of binary linear threshold elements. Whereas existing algorithms reduce the learning process to minimizing a cost function over the weights, our method treats the internal representations as the fundamental entities to be determined. Once a correct set of internal representations is… (More)

Recently, there has been considerable interest in deriving and applying knowledge-based, empirical potential functions for proteins. These empirical potentials have been derived from the statistics of interacting, spatially neighboring residues, as may be obtained from databases of known protein crystal structures. In this paper we employ neural networks to… (More)

- Tal Grossman
- NIPS
- 1989

A new learning algorithm, Learning by Choice of Internal Rep-resetations (CHIR), was recently introduced. Whereas many algorithms reduce the learning process to minimizing a cost function over the weights, our method treats the internal representations as the fundamental entities to be determined. The algorithm applies a search procedure in the space of… (More)

In this paper we analyze the average behavior of the Bayes-optimal and Gibbs learning algorithms. We do this both for oo-training-set error and conventional IID error (for which test sets overlap with training sets). For the IID case we provide a major extension to one of the better known results of 7]. We also show that expected IID test set error is a… (More)

A classification problem in high energy physics has been solved on simulated data using a simple multilayer perceptron comprising binary units which was trained with the CHIR algorithm. The unstable training of such a network on a nonseparable set has been overcome by selecting those weight vectors with good performance while providing a flexible choice of… (More)

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