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We describe 2 Arab patients, both offspring of unrelated consanguineous matings, with unusual facial appearance, severe mental retardation, microcephaly, cortical atrophy, seizures, hypotonia, dwarfism, and recurrent infections with neutrophilia. Neutrophil motility was markedly decreased but the opsonophagocytic activity was normal. Both patients lack the(More)
A 16-year-old female presented with unilateral blindness in her right eye 2 months after blunt head trauma. Optic nerve edema was demonstrated by funduscopic examination, ultrasonography, and magnetic resonance imaging and failed to respond to medical treatment. Delayed post-traumatic blindness may be a severe complication of head trauma. The late(More)
BACKGROUND An estimated 10% of all children are subject to recurrent attacks of abdominal pain of unknown origin. When no organic cause is found, the working diagnosis is usually functional abdominal pain. OBJECTIVES To investigate the possible causative role of occult constipation. METHODS We defined occult constipation as the absence of complaints of(More)
Levetiracetam has been authorized for use in Israel as an add-on therapy for intractable epilepsy since May 2006. The aim of the present study was to document its effectiveness for this indication in children, adolescents, and young adults. The medical files of 78 patients aged 0.5-39 years (mean, 14.2 years) treated at our center for intractable epilepsy(More)
Nonketotic hyperosmolar diabetic coma is well known in adults, but infrequently reported in children. This syndrome is associated with a 20-70% mortality rate. We report the successful treatment of a 12.5 year old girl with a hyperglycemic (1,800 mg/dl glucose) nonketotic hyperosmolar diabetic coma and summarize the reported cases in the literature.
BACKGROUND Nontuberculous mycobacteria can cause a chronic localized cervicofacial lymphadenitis in immunocompetent children. The recommended treatment is total excision of the affected lymph node. The aim of this study was to describe our experience with an observational approach. METHODS Children with chronic nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) cervical(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To apply the Arkansas color method in order to evaluate drug compliance and factors that can predict treatment adherence in patients being treated for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) with a single daily dose of isoniazid (INH). DESIGN Prospective study of adherence of 105 patients aged 1 to 75 years who were treated with a single(More)
AIM Migraine is known to run in families and has long been considered a strongly heritable disorder. This study sought to evaluate the relationship between age at onset of pediatric migraine and family history of migraine. METHODS Review of the medical files of the headache clinic of a tertiary pediatric medical center yielded 344 children with migraine(More)
Extraventricular hydrocephalus (EVOH), defined as the enlargement of all CSF compartments in the absence of an obstructing lesion, is usually associated with an increased head circumference and a relatively benign clinical course. Occasionally, because of concern about increased intracranial pressure (ICP), treatment with diuretics is initiated. In most(More)