Takuya Yashiro

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OBJECTIVE 5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleoside (AICAR) has pleiotropic and beneficial effects on metabolic disorders. However, the effects of AICAR on low density lipoprotein (LDL) metabolism are poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS AICAR induces increased LDLR mRNA levels and increased LDLR protein production in hepatocytes. The(More)
Phenolic acids such as p-coumaric acid and microbial metabolites of poorly absorbed polyphenols are absorbed by the monocarboxylic acid transporter (MCT)-mediated transport system which is identical to the fluorescein/H(+) cotransport system. We focus here on the physiological impact of MCT-mediated absorption and distribution. We examined whether MCT1, the(More)
OBJECTIVE The hepatocyte low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) plays a pivotal role in lipoprotein metabolism by lowering plasma LDL-cholesterol, a risk factor for atherosclerosis. The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of grape polyphenols on LDLR gene expression in human hepatocyte models. METHODS AND RESULTS Among the 14 phenolic(More)
BACKGROUND PU.1 is a hematopoietic cell-specific transcription factor belonging to the Ets family. We hypothesized that PU.1 is involved in MHC class II expression in dendritic cells (DCs). OBJECTIVE The role of PU.1 in MHC class II expression in DCs was analyzed. METHODS Transcriptional regulation of the DC-specific pI promoter of the class II(More)
Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is a nuclear receptor that regulates the expression of genes involved in calcium homeostasis. Activation of VDR is thought to be a promising drug target for osteoporosis. Using a VDR-driven luciferase expression assay for screening a naturally occurring food component, we identified quercetin as a VDR activator. Quercetin also(More)
BACKGROUND The transcription factors NFATc1 and PU.1 play important roles in osteoclast development. NFATc1 and PU.1 transactivate osteoclast-specific gene expression and a deficiency in NFATc1 or PU.1 genes causes osteopetrosis due to an insufficient development of osteoclasts. However, the existence of cross-regulation between NFATc1 and PU.1 is largely(More)
Human low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) mRNA is unstable and contains four AU-rich elements (AREs) in the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR). The aim of this study was to verify the involvement of the 3'-UTR in the rapid degradation of LDLR mRNA. This study revealed that the 3'-UTR is necessary and sufficient for the degradation, and that the 1st ARE(More)
In the course of an effort to identify novel agonists of the farnesoid X receptor (FXR), coumestrol was determined to be one such ligand. Reporter and in vitro coactivator interaction assays revealed that coumestrol bound and activated FXR. Treatment of Hep G2 cells with coumestrol stimulated the expression of FXR target genes, thereby regulating the(More)
The IL1RL1/ST2 gene encodes a receptor for IL-33. Signaling from IL1RL1/ST2 induced by IL-33 binding was recently identified as a modulator of the Th2 response. The target cells for IL-33 are restricted in some hematopoietic lineages, including mast cells, basophils, eosinophils, Th2 cells, natural killer cells, and dendritic cells. To clarify the molecular(More)
To examine whether activin binds to follistatin, an activin-binding protein, to form a complex in vivo, we attempted to purify activin-follistatin complex from porcine follicular fluid. Our results thus obtained indicated that almost equimolar amounts of activins A, AB, and B are present as a complex with follistatin in the follicular fluid. Reverse-phase(More)