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O-Phosphoserine (Sep), the most abundant phosphoamino acid in the eukaryotic phosphoproteome, is not encoded in the genetic code, but synthesized posttranslationally. Here, we present an engineered system for specific cotranslational Sep incorporation (directed by UAG) into any desired position in a protein by an Escherichia coli strain that harbors a(More)
Nonstructural protein 3 (NS3) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a multi-functional enzyme having protease and helicase activities. NS3 is essential for HCV replication and proliferation. Previously, we obtained RNA aptamers against NS3 protease domain (Protease aptamer; deltaNEO-III and G9-II) and helicase domain (helicase aptamer; #5), and they inhibited the(More)
Persistent infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of liver diseases such as chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Here we report that inhibition of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is highly effective in suppressing HCV genome replication. In HCV replicon cells, HCV replication was reduced by Hsp90 inhibitors and by(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS RNA interference has considerable therapeutic potential, particularly for anti-viral therapy. We previously reported that hepatitis C virus (HCV)-directed small interfering RNA (siRNA; siE) efficiently inhibits HCV replication, using HCV replicon cells. To employ the siRNA as a therapeutic strategy, we attempted in vivo silencing of(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) has a positive single-stranded RNA genome, and translation starts within the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) in a cap-independent manner. The IRES is well conserved among HCV subtypes and has a unique structure consisting of four domains. We used an in vitro selection procedure to isolate RNA aptamers capable of binding to(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) translation begins within the internal ribosome entry site (IRES). We have previously isolated two RNA aptamers, 2-02 and 3-07, which specifically bind to domain II and domain III-IV of the HCV IRES, respectively, and inhibit IRES-dependent translation. To improve the function of these aptamers, we constructed two conjugated(More)
The internal ribosome entry site (IRES) is important for translation of hepatitis C virus (HCV) mRNA and has a unique RNA structure containing conserved domains I to IV. To investigate the function of domain II, we selected RNA aptamers that bind to domain II of HCV IRES by applying a simple and convenient selection method using a hybridized tag for fixing(More)
UNLABELLED Cyclosporin A (CsA) inhibits replication of the HCV subgenomic replicon, and this effect is believed to not be mediated by its immunosuppressive action. We found that DEBIO-025, a novel non-immunosuppressive cyclophilin inhibitor derived from CsA, inhibited HCV replication in vitro more potently than CsA. We also examined the inhibitory effect of(More)
A cDNA encoding a rat transcription factor IID (TFIID) subunit (p80), with histone H4 homology, was isolated and sequenced. The deduced amino acid (aa) sequence predicts a 678-aa protein with 97% identity to the human and 42% to the Drosophila melanogaster (Dm) homologues. Homologies between three species indicate the presence of three distinct regions.
A cDNA encoding a mouse transcription factor IID (TFIID) subunit, containing histone H4 homology, was cloned and sequenced. The predicted 678-amino-acid (aa) sequence of this molecule showed 97 and 41% identity to the human and Drosophila melanogaster homologues, respectively. Four putative direct repeats were found in the most highly conserved region in(More)