Takuya Tamura

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Age-related memory impairment (AMI) is observed in many species. However, it is uncertain whether AMI results from a specific or a nonspecific decay in memory processing. In Drosophila, memory acquired after a single olfactory conditioning paradigm has three distinct phases: short-term memory (STM), middle-term memory (MTM), and longer-lasting(More)
The study of age-related memory impairment (AMI) has been hindered by a lack of AMI-specific mutants. In a screen for such mutants in Drosophila melanogaster, we found that heterozygous mutations of DCO (DCO/+), which encodes the major catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), delay AMI more than twofold without affecting lifespan or memory(More)
The cAMP-responsive transcription factor, CREB, is required for formation of long-term memory (LTM) in Drosophila melanogaster and regulates transcription of a circadian clock gene, period (per). Involvement of CREB both in LTM and circadian rhythm raises the possibility that per also plays a role in LTM. Assaying the experience-dependent courtship(More)
To resolve some of differences in reports on the function of Synaptotagmin I (Syt I), we re-examined synaptic transmission at the neuromuscular junction of Drosophila embryos that have mutations in the Syt I gene (syt I). Two major questions addressed were which Ca2+ binding domain, C2A or C2B, sense Ca2+ and is Syt I a negative regulator of spontaneous(More)
Incidental Lewy body disease (ILBD) represents the early asymptomatic phase of Lewy body diseases (LBD), including idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). Although pathological disturbances in the spinal cord, which connects the brain to the peripheral nervous system, plays an important role, the pathology of ILBD has not been adequately examined. Eighteen(More)
The reason why vulnerabilities to mutant polyglutamine (polyQ) proteins are different among neuronal subtypes is mostly unknown. In this study, we compared the gene expression profiles of three types of primary neurons expressing huntingtin (htt) or ataxin-1. We found that heat shock protein 70 (hsp70), a well known chaperone molecule protecting neurons in(More)
Selective vulnerability of neurons is a critical feature of neurodegenerative diseases, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. We here report that Omi/HtrA2, a mitochondrial protein regulating survival and apoptosis of cells, decreases selectively in striatal neurons that are most vulnerable to the Huntington's disease (HD)(More)
Non-cell-autonomous effect of mutant proteins expressed in glia has been implicated in several neurodegenerative disorders, whereas molecules mediating the toxicity are currently not known. We identified a novel molecule named multiple alpha-helix protein located at ER (Maxer) downregulated by mutant ataxin-1 (Atx1) in Bergmann glia. Maxer is an endoplasmic(More)
BACKGROUND The subcellular localization of membrane and secreted proteins is finely and dynamically regulated through intracellular vesicular trafficking for permitting various biological processes. Drosophila Amyloid precursor protein like (APPL) and Hikaru genki (HIG) are examples of proteins that show differential subcellular localization among several(More)
Ca(2+) influx through the Drosophila N-type Ca(2+) channel, encoded by cacophony (cac), triggers fast synaptic transmission. We now ask whether the cac Ca(2+) channel is the Ca(2+) channel solely dedicated for fast synaptic transmission. Because the cac(null) mutation is lethal, we used cac(null) embryos to address this question. At the neuromuscular(More)