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Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) is among the most common growth factors used in cultures to maintain self-renewal and proliferative capabilities of a variety of stem cells, including neural stem cells (NSCs). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the control by FGF have remained elusive. Studies on mutant mice of FGF receptor substrate 2α (FRS2α), a(More)
UNLABELLED What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Radical cystectomy remains associated with comparatively high perioperative morbidity and mortality, despite improvements in surgical techniques and perioperative care. At present, most studies on the complications associated with open radical cystectomy were derived from Western academic(More)
BACKGROUND The usefulness of clip traction in endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early esophageal carcinoma was investigated. METHODS A total of 87 patients who underwent ESD for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were included in the study. The hook knife method was used for ESD. Twenty patients underwent ESD without clip traction (non-clip(More)
With the increasing cure rate of paediatric cancers, infertility, as one of the adverse effects of treatments, has become an important concern for patients and their families. Since semen cryopreservation is applicable only for post-pubertal patients, alternative pre-pubertal measures are necessary. Here we demonstrate that testis tissue cryopreservation is(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa MTB-1 does not degrade gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (γ-HCH), but this bacterium persistently coexists with a γ-HCH-degrading strain, Sphingomonas sp. MM-1, in a microbial community enriched by the technical formulation of HCH. Here we report the complete MTB-1 genome sequence, with a 6.6-Mb circular chromosome.
Mouse spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) can be cultured for multiplication and maintained for long periods while preserving their spermatogenic ability. Although the cultured SSCs, named germline stem (GS) cells, are targets of genome modification, this process remains technically difficult. In the present study, we tested TALEN and double-nicking(More)
Long-term administration of glucocorticoids (GCs) causes osteoporosis with a rapid and severe bone loss and with a slow and prolonged bone disruption. Although the involvement of GCs in osteoblastic proliferation and differentiation has been studied extensively, their direct action on osteoclasts is still controversial and not conclusive. In this study, we(More)
Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are the only stem cells in the body that transmit genetic information to the next generation. The long-term propagation of rodent SSCs is now possible in vitro, and their genetic modification is feasible. However, their differentiation into sperm is possible only under in vivo conditions. Here we show a new in vitro system(More)
Knowledge of internal stress-strain in bone tissue is important for clinical diagnosis and remedies. The inorganic mineral phase of apatite crystals in bone composite, because of its crystalline nature, provides a reliable way of measurement through X-ray diffraction system. Use of two-dimensional detector, imaging plate (IP), is considered to expedite the(More)
OBJECTIVE Biomarkers are increasingly important to diagnose and test treatments of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson disease (PD). This study compared neuroimaging, neurochemical, and olfactory potential biomarkers to detect central dopamine (DA) deficiency and distinguish PD from multiple system atrophy (MSA). METHODS In 77 PD, 57 MSA, and 87(More)