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Many streptomycetes produce extracellular gamma-butyrolactones. In several cases, these have been shown to act as signals for the onset of antibiotic production. Synthesis of these molecules appears to require a member of the AfsA family of proteins (AfsA is required for A-factor synthesis of the gamma-butyrolactone A-factor and consequently for(More)
Fungal secondary metabolites have been considered promising resources in the search for novel bioactive compounds. Given the high potential of fungi as genetic resources, it is essential to find an efficient way to link biosynthetic genes to the product in a heterologous system, because many genes for the secondary metabolite in the original strain are(More)
Gram-positive bacteria of the genus Streptomyces are industrially important microorganisms, producing >70% of commercially important antibiotics. The production of these compounds is often regulated by low-molecular-weight bacterial hormones called autoregulators. Although 60% of Streptomyces strains may use γ-butyrolactone-type molecules as autoregulators(More)
Kitasatospora setae NBRC 14216(T) (=KM-6054(T)) is known to produce setamycin (bafilomycin B1) possessing antitrichomonal activity. The genus Kitasatospora is morphologically similar to the genus Streptomyces, although they are distinguishable from each other on the basis of cell wall composition and the 16S rDNA sequence. We have determined the complete(More)
BarA of Streptomyces virginiae is a specific receptor protein for a member of butyrolactone autoregulators which binds to an upstream region of target genes to control transcription, leading to the production of the antibiotic virginiamycin M(1) and S. BarA-binding DNA sequences (BarA-responsive elements [BAREs]), to which BarA binds for transcriptional(More)
BACKGROUND Colletotrichum is one of the most widespread and important genus of plant pathogenic fungi worldwide. Various species of Colletotrichum are the causative agents of anthracnose disease in plants, which is a severe problem to agricultural crops particularly in Thailand. These phytopathogens are usually controlled using chemicals; however, the use(More)
In filamentous fungi, production of multiple secondary metabolites is controlled by so-called global regulators. In this study, two genes encoding homologs of VeA and LaeA, representative fungal global regulators, were identified in ML-236B-producing Penicillium citrinum. Disruption of VeA and/or LaeA and complementation clearly demonstrated that both of(More)
Lack of genetic tools in entomopathogenic fungi, especially those for targeted homologous recombination, hindered the advance in this field. To facilitate the genetic study, we constructed a transformation system in entomopathogenic fungus Lecanicillium sp. strain HF627 using the uridine auxotrophic pyrG mutant strain as host and endogenous pyrG as marker.(More)