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Many streptomycetes produce extracellular gamma-butyrolactones. In several cases, these have been shown to act as signals for the onset of antibiotic production. Synthesis of these molecules appears to require a member of the AfsA family of proteins (AfsA is required for A-factor synthesis of the gamma-butyrolactone A-factor and consequently for(More)
Virginiamycin M (VM) of Streptomyces virginiae is a hybrid polyketide-peptide antibiotic with peptide antibiotic virginiamycin S (VS) as its synergistic counterpart. VM and VS belong to the Streptogramin family, which is characterized by strong synergistic antibacterial activity, and their water-soluble derivatives are a new therapeutic option for combating(More)
IM-2 [(2R,3R,1'R)-2-1'-hydroxybutyl-3-hydroxymethyl gamma-butanolide] is a gamma-butyrolactone autoregulator which, in Streptomyces lavendulae FRI-5, switches off the production of D-cycloserine but switches on the production of a blue pigment and several nucleoside antibiotics. To clarify the in vivo function of an IM-2-specific receptor (FarA) in the IM-2(More)
Fungal secondary metabolites have been considered promising resources in the search for novel bioactive compounds. Given the high potential of fungi as genetic resources, it is essential to find an efficient way to link biosynthetic genes to the product in a heterologous system, because many genes for the secondary metabolite in the original strain are(More)
Gram-positive bacteria of the genus Streptomyces are industrially important microorganisms, producing >70% of commercially important antibiotics. The production of these compounds is often regulated by low-molecular-weight bacterial hormones called autoregulators. Although 60% of Streptomyces strains may use γ-butyrolactone-type molecules as autoregulators(More)
gamma-Butyrolactone bacterial hormones regulate antibiotic production and morphological differentiation in Streptomyces species. One gamma-butyrolactone, SCB1, has been previously characterized in Streptomyces coelicolor. Here we report the characterization of two additional gamma-butyrolactones, named SCB2 (2-[1'-hydroxyoctyl]-3-hydroxymethylbutanolide)(More)
Gamma-butyrolactone autoregulator receptors of the genus Streptomyces have a common activity as DNA-binding transcriptional repressors, controlling secondary metabolism and/or morphological differentiation. A gene encoding a gamma-butyrolactone autoregulator receptor was cloned from a bafilomycin B1 producer, Kitasatospora setae, for the first time from a(More)
Kitasatospora setae NBRC 14216(T) (=KM-6054(T)) is known to produce setamycin (bafilomycin B1) possessing antitrichomonal activity. The genus Kitasatospora is morphologically similar to the genus Streptomyces, although they are distinguishable from each other on the basis of cell wall composition and the 16S rDNA sequence. We have determined the complete(More)
BarA of Streptomyces virginiae is a specific receptor protein for a member of butyrolactone autoregulators which binds to an upstream region of target genes to control transcription, leading to the production of the antibiotic virginiamycin M(1) and S. BarA-binding DNA sequences (BarA-responsive elements [BAREs]), to which BarA binds for transcriptional(More)
BACKGROUND Colletotrichum is one of the most widespread and important genus of plant pathogenic fungi worldwide. Various species of Colletotrichum are the causative agents of anthracnose disease in plants, which is a severe problem to agricultural crops particularly in Thailand. These phytopathogens are usually controlled using chemicals; however, the use(More)