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We examined the effects of observation combined with motor imagery (MI) of a skilled hand-motor task on motor cortex excitability, which was assessed by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Novices and experts at 3-ball cascade juggling (3BCJ) participated in this study. In one trial, the subjects observed a video clip of 3BCJ while imagining performing(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of modulation of soleus H-reflexes during sustained passive rotation of the hip joint. METHODS Healthy men participated as subjects in this study. In the supine position, soleus maximum H-reflexes were recorded during rotation of the hip joint. To examine the roles of muscle spindles, we(More)
Patterned sensory nerve stimulation has been shown to induce plastic changes in the reciprocal Ia inhibitory circuit. However, the mechanisms underlying these changes have not yet been elucidated in detail. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the reactivity of Ia inhibitory interneurons could be altered by patterned sensory nerve(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the neural mechanisms underlying the changes in the ipsilateral primary motor cortex (ipsi-M1) excitability induced during the unilateral rhythmic muscle contraction of the first dorsal interosseous (FDI) (rhythmic contraction) muscle with three different frequencies of auditory cues (1, 2, and 3 Hz). The effect of(More)
The effect of performance of a sensorimotor task on the interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) induced from the active primary motor cortex (M1) to the resting M1 was examined in 10 right-handed subjects. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was performed to produce motor evoked potentials (MEP) in the resting right (Rt)-first dorsal interosseous (FDI). For(More)
The effects of a sensorimotor task on ipsilateral primary motor cortex (ipsi-M1) excitability mediated via the transcallosal pathway, including the changes in short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and intracortical facilitation (ICF), were examined in ten right-handed subjects. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was delivered to evoke a motor(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether the excitatory ipsilateral primary motor cortex (ipsi-M1) is affected by changes in the frequency of rhythmic voluntary contraction of the left first dorsal interosseous (FDI) induced by repetitive abduction of the left index-finger. Transcranial magnetic stimulations were delivered to the left M1 during(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there is a functional difference in short-latency (SIHI) and long-latency (LIHI) interhemispheric inhibition from the active to the resting primary motor cortex (M1) with paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation during a unilateral muscle contraction. In nine healthy right-handed participants,(More)
Performing a complex unimanual motor task markedly increases activation not only in the hemisphere contralateral to the task-performing hand but also in the ipsilateral hemisphere. Transcranial magnetic stimulation studies showed increased motor evoked potential amplitude recorded in resting hand muscles contralateral to the task-performing hand during a(More)