Takuro N Murakami

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BACKGROUND A region associated with sensitivity to interferon has been identified in the nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1b. The region spans amino acid residues 2209 to 2248 (NS5A2209-2248) of HCV-J, a strain of HCV-1b whose complete genomic sequence has been identified. We examined whether the NS5A2209-2248 sequence(More)
We describe the isolation of the zebrafish MyoD gene and its expression in wild-type embryos and in two mutants with altered somite development, no tail (ntl) and spadetail (spt). In the wild-type embryo, MyoD expression first occurs in an early phase, extending from mid-gastrula to just prior to somite formation, in which cells directly adjacent to the(More)
A series of chimeric promoters for higher-level expression of foreign genes in plants was constructed as fusions of a gene for beta-glucuronidase (GUS) with the terminator of a gene for nopaline synthase (nos) or of the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S transcript, and the strength of these promoters was assayed in transient and stable expression systems(More)
We have previously demonstrated that sensitivity to interferon is different among hepatitis C virus (HCV) quasispecies simultaneously detected in same individuals and that interferon-resistant HCV quasispecies are selected during the treatment. To determine the genetic basis of their resistance to interferon, HCV genotype-1b was obtained from serum of three(More)
Lentiviruses, including HIV-1, have transmembrane envelope (Env) glycoproteins with cytoplasmic tails that are quite long compared with those of other retroviruses. However, mainly because of the lack of biochemical studies performed in cell types that are targets for HIV-1 infection, no clear consensus exists regarding the function of the long lentiviral(More)
We examined whether corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) was involved in orexin-induced grooming and face-washing behaviors, and whether orexin was involved in the stress reaction. Administration of alpha-helical CRF, CRF antagonist, alone had no behavioral effect, but it blocked the orexin-induced grooming and face-washing behaviors in rats. The level of(More)
The term cell necrobiology is introduced to comprise the life processes associated with morphological, biochemical, and molecular changes which predispose, precede, and accompany cell death, as well as the consequences and tissue response to cell death. Two alternative modes of cell death can be distinguished, apoptosis and accidental cell death, generally(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were to determine apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) of the abdominal organs and liver lesions, to determine the effect of the magnitude of b values on the ADCs, and to determine whether measured ADCs of liver tumors help differentiate benign from malignant lesions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Six healthy volunteers and 126(More)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgenic rats for use as a tool for organ transplantation research. The GFP gene construct was designed to express ubiquitously. By flow cytometry, the cells obtained from the bone marrow, spleen, and peripheral blood of the GFP transgenic rats consisted of 77, 91, and 75%(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to determine the electrocardiographic (ECG) features associated with acute left main coronary artery (LMCA) obstruction. BACKGROUND Prediction of LMCA obstruction is important with regard to selecting the appropriate treatment strategy, because acute LMCA obstruction usually causes severe hemodynamic deterioration, resulting in a less(More)