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We describe the isolation of the zebrafish MyoD gene and its expression in wild-type embryos and in two mutants with altered somite development, no tail (ntl) and spadetail (spt). In the wild-type embryo, MyoD expression first occurs in an early phase, extending from mid-gastrula to just prior to somite formation, in which cells directly adjacent to the(More)
A series of chimeric promoters for higher-level expression of foreign genes in plants was constructed as fusions of a gene for beta-glucuronidase (GUS) with the terminator of a gene for nopaline synthase (nos) or of the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S transcript, and the strength of these promoters was assayed in transient and stable expression systems(More)
BACKGROUND A region associated with sensitivity to interferon has been identified in the nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1b. The region spans amino acid residues 2209 to 2248 (NS5A2209-2248) of HCV-J, a strain of HCV-1b whose complete genomic sequence has been identified. We examined whether the NS5A2209-2248 sequence(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were to determine apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) of the abdominal organs and liver lesions, to determine the effect of the magnitude of b values on the ADCs, and to determine whether measured ADCs of liver tumors help differentiate benign from malignant lesions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Six healthy volunteers and 126(More)
We have previously demonstrated that sensitivity to interferon is different among hepatitis C virus (HCV) quasispecies simultaneously detected in same individuals and that interferon-resistant HCV quasispecies are selected during the treatment. To determine the genetic basis of their resistance to interferon, HCV genotype-1b was obtained from serum of three(More)
The term cell necrobiology is introduced to comprise the life processes associated with morphological, biochemical, and molecular changes which predispose, precede, and accompany cell death, as well as the consequences and tissue response to cell death. Two alternative modes of cell death can be distinguished, apoptosis and accidental cell death, generally(More)
BACKGROUND High-resolution real-time ultrasonography (US) can detect characteristics of thyroid nodules, but the US differentiation between malignant nodules and benign nodules is not well described. HYPOTHESIS Ultrasonography is useful for predicting malignancy of thyroid nodules. DESIGN A retrospective study of 329 thyroid nodules (> or =5 mm) in 309(More)
Plectin is a versatile linker protein which is associated with various types of cytoskeletal components and/or filaments including intermediate filaments, and its deficiency causes the disruption of myofibrils, or muscular dystrophy. To better understand the functional role of plectin in skeletal muscle fibers, we have examined the topological and(More)
Extrinsic and intrinsic fiber connections of the telencephalic subdivisions of Nieuwenhuys ('62) in a teleost, Sebastiscus marmoratus, were studied by means of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and Fink-Heimer methods. The olfactory bulb projects bilaterally to area dorsalis pars posterior, area ventralis pars ventralis, pars lateralis, pars posterior, pars(More)
To study the vasomotility of normal and diseased coronary arteries during dynamic exercise, symptom-limited supine bicycle exercise during cardiac catheterization was performed by 18 patients with classic angina pectoris. The cardiovascular response was assessed by hemodynamic measurements and computer-assisted determination of normal and stenotic coronary(More)