Takuro Kobori

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OBJECTIVES Opioids and anticancer compounds such as etoposide (ETP) are substrates of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), an ATP-dependent efflux pump. Chemotherapy compounds may impact on the analgesic effect of opioids such as morphine when the two drugs are co-administered. In this study, we used a mouse model to determine if there is a pharmacological interaction(More)
The maintenance of an appropriate serum concentration of a drug is known to be important for its pharmacological effects and the prevention of unexpected adverse effects. Functional alterations of drug transporters and drug-metabolizing enzymes may influence the serum concentration of drugs through changes in its pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics(More)
Previously, we reported that CCMV(B3a), a hybrid of bromovirus Cowpea chlorotic mottle virus (CCMV) with the 3a cell-to-cell movement protein (MP) gene replaced by that of cowpea-nonadapted bromovirus Brome mosaic virus (BMV), can form small infection foci in inoculated cowpea leaves, but that expansion of the foci stops between 1 and 2 days(More)
A series of 4-phenylthiazole derivatives were synthesized and tested their inhibitory effect on the interleukin-6 secretion stimulated by PTH in osteoblastic cells. SCRC2941-18, 2-amino-4-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-methylthiazole, was found to be the most potent inhibitor in the derivatives. Furthermore, SCRC2941-18 significantly suppressed the bone weight loss in(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is involved in tissue remodeling or neural plasticity in various clinical states (e.g. inflammation, neuropathic pain). We focused on the effect of MMP-9 on development of morphine tolerance after repeated morphine treatment. To develop morphine tolerance, mice were given morphine (10mg/kg; s.c.) once daily for 5 days. The(More)
In the adult hypothalamus and ependymal lining of the third ventricle, tanycytes function as multipotential progenitor cells that enable continuous neurogenesis, suggesting that tanycytes may be able to mediate the restoration of homeostatic function after stroke. Voluntary wheel running has been shown to alter neurochemistry and neuronal function and to(More)
In clinical pharmacotherapy, therapeutic benefits and adverse effects of medicines differ substantially between individuals and are often determined by their blood levels. Critical regulators influencing the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs include drug transporters and drug-metabolizing enzymes. Among these, we have focused on P-glycoprotein(More)
Previously, we reported that repeated oral administration of etoposide (ETP) increases P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression in association with activation of ezrin/radixin/moesin (ERM) in the small intestine. Radixin has recently attracted attention for its critical role in the plasma membrane localization of certain drug transporters including P-gp by working(More)
Previously, we reported that repeated oral treatment with etoposide (ETP) causes attenuation of oral morphine analgesia through upregulation of ileal P-glycoprotein (P-gp) mediated by Ras homolog gene family, member A (RhoA) activation. However, the detailed mechanism of the increase in ileal P-gp via RhoA activation remains unknown. Recently, it has been(More)
The effects of bile salts on the calcium movements and the electrical activity of the guinea-pig taenia coli were investigated and compared with those of papaverine in order to explore the mechanisms of their spasmolytic action. Four bile salts, deoxycholate, chenodeoxycholate, ursodeoxycholate and cholate, as well as papaverine, dose-dependently relaxed(More)