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The AGAMOUS (AG)-like gene has been reported to be involved in the formation of the stamens and carpels. The genus Asparagus contains hermaphrodite and dioecious species, and analysis of the AG-like genes in these species may reveal how these different reproductive systems have evolved in this genus. We isolated one AG-like gene, designated AVAG1, from the(More)
Plant R2R3-MYB transcription factors are encoded by more than 100 copies of genes. In this study, we attempted to isolate some members of the R2R3-MYB superfamily involved in regulation of nitrogen fixation in legumes. A library of 300 recombinant plasmid clones containing the R2R3-MYB fragments of the superfamily was screened by differential hybridization(More)
Members of the AGAMOUS (AG) family of MADS-box genes play important roles in regulating the development of reproductive organs in flowering plants. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of floral development in Asparagus virgatus, we isolated and characterized an Asparagus AG-homologue, AVAG2. AVAG2 contains an open reading frame that encodes a deduced(More)
Comparative whole-genome sequencing enables the identification of specific mutations during adaptation of bacteria to new environments and allelic replacement can establish their causality. However, the mechanisms of action are hard to decipher and little has been achieved for epistatic mutations, especially at the metabolic level. Here we show that a(More)
Oil-rich algae have promising potential for a next-generation biofuel feedstock. Pseudochoricystis ellipsoidea MBIC 11204, a novel unicellular green algal strain, accumulates a large amount of oil (lipids) in nitrogen-deficient (–N) conditions. Although the oil bodies are easily visualized by lipophilic staining in the cells, little is known about how oil(More)
The AGAMOUS (AG) family of MADS-box genes plays important roles in controlling the development of the reproductive organs of flowering plants. To understand the molecular mechanisms behind the floral development in the orchid, we isolated and characterized two AG-like genes from Phalaenopsis that we denoted PhalAG1 and PhalAG2. Phylogenetic analysis(More)
MADS-box genes encode transcriptional regulators that are critical for a number of developmental processes. In the MADS-box gene family, the SEPALLATA (SEP) gene subfamily plays an important role in controlling the development of floral organs in flowering plants. To understand the molecular mechanisms of floral development in Asparagus, we isolated and(More)
The perianths of Liliaceae plants, such as lily and tulip, have two whorls of almost identical petaloid organs, which are called tepals. According to the modified ABC model proposed in tulip, the class B genes are expressed in whorl 1 as well as whorls 2 and 3, so that the organs of whorls 1 and 2 have the same petaloid structure. The floral structure of(More)
Elevated CO2 has been reported to stimulate plant growth under nitrogen-sufficient conditions, but the effects of CO2 on growth in a constantly nitrogen-limited state, which is relevant to most natural habitats of plants, remain unclear. Here, we maintained Arabidopsis seedlings under such conditions by growing a mutant with reduced nitrate uptake activity(More)
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii P. A. Dang. (Volvocales, Chlorophyceae) is one of the most intensely studied algae, and its whole genome was sequenced. Although this species was originally described based on materials from France and is often referred to as a cosmopolitan species, all culture strains available today have been isolated from eastern North America.(More)