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This paper describes a simulation model for predicting end-use energy in residential sectors of a city or region. In this model, the annual energy consumption of a dwelling is simulated from the occupants' schedule of living activities, weather data and energy efficiencies of appliances and dwellings. By summing up the simulation results for various(More)
We have developed a novel nanoscale temperature-measurement method using fluorescence in the near-field called fluorescence near-field optics thermal nanoscopy (Fluor-NOTN). Fluor-NOTN enables the temperature distributions of nanoscale materials to be measured in vivo/in situ. The proposed method measures temperature by detecting the temperature dependent(More)
InGaAs-embedded photonic crystal photodetectors were demonstrated towards realizing photoreceivers with small junction capacitance. A 1-A/W responsivity and a 40-Gb/s eye opening were successfully confirmed for the 1.7-μm-long device.
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